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Copyright Act (17 U.S.C.) Index

The U.S. Copyright Act is found in Title 17 of the U.S. Code and contains the federal statutes governing copyright law in the United States. This index contains links to each of the sections of the Copyright Act found in Title 17. The version of the Copyright Act found in BitLaw was updated in November 2005.

You may wish to go directly to one of the following sections of this index:

Chapter 1 - Subject Matter And Scope Of Copyright
Chapter 2--Copyright Ownership And Transfer
Chapter 3 - Duration Of Copyright
Chapter 4--Copyright Notice, Deposit, And Registration
Chapter 5 - Copyright Infringement And Remedies
Chapter 6 - Manufacturing Requirements And Importation
Chapter 7 - Copyright Office
Chapter 8 - Copyright Royalty Tribunal
Chapter 9 - Protection of Semiconductor Chip Products
Chapter 10 - Digital Audio
Chapter 11 - Sound Recordings and Music Videos
Chapter 12 - Copyright Protection and Management Systems
Chapter 13 - Protection of Original Designs

 

CHAPTER 1 - SUBJECT MATTER AND SCOPE OF COPYRIGHT

101. Definitions.

102. Subject matter of copyright: In general.

103. Subject matter of copyright: Compilations and derivative works.

104. Subject matter of copyright: National origin.

104A. Copyright in restored works.

105. Subject matter of copyright: United States Government works.

106. Exclusive rights in copyrighted works.

106A. Rights of certain authors to attribution and integrity

107. Limitations on exclusive rights: Fair use.

108. Limitations on exclusive rights: Reproduction by libraries and archives.

109. Limitations on exclusive rights: Effect of transfer of particular copy or phonorecord.

110. Limitations on exclusive rights: Exemption of certain performances and displays.

111. Limitations on exclusive rights: Secondary transmissions.

112. Limitations on exclusive rights: Ephemeral recordings.

113. Scope of exclusive rights in pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works.

114. Scope of exclusive rights in sound recordings.

115. Scope of exclusive rights in nondramatic musical works: Compulsory license for making and distributing phonorecords.

116. Negotiated licenses for public performances by means of coin-operated phonorecord players.

117. Limitation on exclusive rights: computer programs.

118. Scope of exclusive rights: Use of certain works in connection with noncommercial broadcasting.

119. Limitations on exclusive rights: Secondary transmissions of superstations and network stations for private home viewing.

120. Scope of exclusive rights in architectural works.

121. Limitations on exclusive rights: Reproduction for blind or other people with disabilities

122. Limitations on exclusive rights; Secondary transmissions by satellite carriers within local markets

 

CHAPTER 2--COPYRIGHT OWNERSHIP AND TRANSFER

201. Ownership of copyright.

202. Ownership of copyright as distinct from ownership of material object.

203. Termination of transfers and licenses granted by the author.

204. Execution of transfers of copyright ownership.

205. Recordation of transfers and other documents.

 

CHAPTER 3 - DURATION OF COPYRIGHT

301. Preemption with respect to other laws.

302. Duration of copyright: Works created on or after January 1, 1978.

303. Duration of copyright: Works created but not published or copyrighted before January 1, 1978.

304. Duration of copyright: Subsisting copyrights.

305. Duration of copyright: Terminal date.

 

CHAPTER 4--COPYRIGHT NOTICE, DEPOSIT, AND REGISTRATION

401. Notice of copyright: Visually perceptible copies.

402. Notice of copyright: Phonorecords of sound recordings.

403. Notice of copyright: Publications incorporating United States Government works.

404. Notice of copyright: Contributions to collective works.

405. Notice of copyright: Omission of notice on certain copies and phonorecords.

406. Notice of copyright: Error in name or date on certain copies and phonorecords.

407. Deposit of copies or phonorecords for Library of Congress.

408. Copyright registration in general.

409. Application for copyright registration.

410. Registration of claim and issuance of certificate.

411. Registration and infringement actions.

412. Registration as prerequisite to certain remedies for infringement.

 

CHAPTER 5 - COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT AND REMEDIES

501. Infringement of copyright.

502. Remedies for infringement: Injunctions.

503. Remedies for infringement: Impounding and disposition of infringing articles.

504. Remedies for infringement: Damages and profits.

505. Remedies for infringement: Costs and attorney's fees.

506. Criminal offenses.

507. Limitations on actions.

508. Notification of filing and determination of actions.

509. Seizure forfeiture.

510. Remedies for alteration of programming by cable systems.

511. Liability of States, instrumentalities of States, and State officials for infringement of copyright

512. Limitations on liability relating to material online

513. Determination of reasonable license fees for individual proprietors

 

CHAPTER 6 - MANUFACTURING REQUIREMENTS AND IMPORTATION

601. Manufacture, importation, and public distribution of certain copies.

602. Infringing importation of copies or phonorecords.

603. Importation prohibitions: Enforcement and disposition of excluded articles.

 

CHAPTER 7 - COPYRIGHT OFFICE

701. The Copyright Office: General responsibilities and organization.

702. Copyright Office regulations.

703. Effective date of actions in Copyright Office.

704. Retention and disposition of articles deposited in Copyright Office.

705. Copyright Office records: Preparation, maintenance, public inspection, and searching.

706. Copies of Copyright Office records.

707. Copyright Office forms and publications.

708. Copyright Office fees.

709. Delay in delivery caused by disruption of postal or other services.

710. Repealed (Reproduction for use of the blind and physically handicapped: Voluntary licensing forms and procedures).

 

CHAPTER 8 - COPYRIGHT ROYALTY TRIBUNAL

801. Copyright Royalty Judges; appointment and functions.

802. Copyright Royalty Judgeships; staff.

803. Proceedings of Copyright Royalty Judges.

804. Institution of proceedings.

805. General rule for voluntarily negotiated agreements.

 

CHAPTER 9 - PROTECTION OF SEMICONDUCTOR CHIP PRODUCTS

901. Definitions

902. Subject matter of protection

903. Ownership, transfer, licensing, and recordation

904. Duration of protection

905. Exclusive rights in mask works

906. Limitation on exclusive rights: reverse engineering; first sale

907. Limitation on exclusive rights: innocent infringement

908. Registration of claims of protection

909. Mask work notice

910. Enforcement of exclusive rights

911. Civil actions

912. Relation to other laws

913. Transitional provisions

914. International transitional provisions

 

CHAPTER 10 - DIGITAL AUDIO

SUBCHAPTER A--DEFINITIONS

1001. Definitions

SUBCHAPTER B--COPYING CONTROLS

1002. Incorporation of copying controls

SUBCHAPTER C--ROYALTY PAYMENTS

1003. Obligation to make royalty payments

1004. Royalty payments

1005. Deposit of royalty payments and deduction of expenses

1006. Entitlement to royalty payments

1007. Procedures for distributing royalty payments

1008. Prohibition on certain infringement actions

SUBCHAPTER D--PROHIBITION ON CERTAIN INRGINREMENT ACTIONS, REMEDIES, AND ARBITRATION

1009. Civil remedies

1010. Arbitration of certain disputes

 

CHAPTER 11 - SOUND RECORDINGS AND MUSIC VIDEOS

1101. Unauthorized fixation and trafficking in sound recordings and music videos

 

CHAPTER 12 - COPYRIGHT PROTECTION AND MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

1201. Circumvention of copyright protection systems

1202. Integrity of copyright management information

1203. Civil remedies

1204. Criminal offenses and penalties

1205. Savings clause

 

CHAPTER 13 - PROTECTION OF ORIGINAL DESIGNS

1301. Designs protected

1302. Designs not subject to protection

1303. Revisions, adaptations, and rearrangements

1304. Commencement of protection

1305. Term of protection

1306. Design notice

1307. Effect of omission of notice

1308. Exclusive rights

1309. Infringement

1310. Application for registration

1311. Benefit of earlier filing date in foreign country

1312. Oaths and acknowledgments

1313. Examination of application and issue or refusal of registration

1314. Certification of registration

1315. Publication of announcements and indexes

1316. Fees

1317. Regulations

1318. Copies of records

1319. Correction of errors in certificates

1320. Ownership and transfer

1321. Remedy for infringement

1322. Injunctions

1323. Recovery for infringement

1324. Power of court over registration

1325. Liability for action on registration fraudulently obtained

1326. Penalty for false marking

1327. Penalty for false representation

1328. Enforcement by Treasury and Postal Service

1329. Relation to design patent law

1330. Common law and other rights unaffected

1331. Administrator; Office of the Administrator

1332. No retroactive effect