Bitlaw

TMEP Key Word Index

Executive summary:

This is the key word index to the Trademark Manual of Examining Procedure (the "TMEP"), Fourth Edition (April 2005). The TMEP sections in BitLaw were last updated in June 2007. You may also wish to refer to the section index.

Trademark Manual of Examining Procedure
Key Word Index

ABCDEFGHIJLMNOPRSTUVW

A

Abandonment of application (see also Abandoned application; Petition to revive abandoned application; Reinstatement of inadvertently abandoned application)

after ex parte appeal—718.05; 1501.04; 1714.01(f)(i)
after inter partes proceeding—718.06
defined—718
express—718.01
incomplete response resulting in—718-718.03(c); 1714.01(f)(ii)
location of files—109.02; 718.07
notice of, for failure to respond—718.04; 718.06
of multi-basis application—806.02(d)
of multi-class application—1403.05
ordering abandoned files —718.07
partial—718.02(a); 1402.13; 1403.05; 1904.03(d)
petition from examining attorney’s holding of—1713
reconsideration of holding of—718.03(c)
through failure to file statement of use—718.04
through failure to prosecute appeal—718.05
through failure to respond to Office action —718.02; 718.03
Abstracts of title—503.08(a)
Acceptable Identification of Goods and Services Manual—1402.04
Access by public to files
electronic images—109.01
paper files—109.02
Accessibility
of assignment records—503.08
of files held by Office personnel—109
Acquired distinctiveness (§2(f)) claim
as to a portion of the mark—1212.02(f); 1212.09(b)
based on five years’ use—1212.05-1212.05(d)
based on ownership of prior registrations—1212.04-1212.04(e)
concession that matter is not inherently distinctive—1212.02(b)
evidence submitted to establish—1212.06-1212.06(e)
in part—1212.02(f); 1212.09(b)
in §1(b) application—1212.09-1212.09(b)
in §44 application—1010; 1212.08
in §66(a) application—1212.08
in the alternative—1212.02(c)
printing of—817; 1212.10
unnecessary—1212.02(d)
Act of 18811601.04; 1602.02
Act of 19051601.04; 1602.02
Act of 19201601.05; 1602.03
Act of 1946 (see Trademark Act of 1946)
Action after issuance of notice of allowance and before filing of statement of use—807.03(j); 1107
Action by affidavit/renewal examiner
upon examination of §8 affidavit—1604.15
upon examination of renewal application—1606.11
Action by examining attorney (see also Examination)
after final refusal—715.03(a); 715.03(b)
all arguments by applicant to be addressed in—713.03
all outstanding refusals and requirements to be noted in—713.02
citation of decisions in—705.05
citation of registrations in—705.03
date of—705.07
evidence supporting refusal in—710.01-710.01(c)
form paragraphs in—705.01
incomplete response to—718.03-718.03(c)
language in—705.01
non-receipt of—717.02
piecemeal action to be avoided—704.01
returned—403; 717.01
review by supervisory examining attorney—705.06
“search clause” in—704.02
statutory language in—705.01
to be complete—704.01
unpublished decisions not to be cited in—705.05
Address
changing address of owner of registration—1609.11
changing correspondence address—603.02-603.02(c)
correspondence—603-603.05
for communications to the International Bureau—1906
for communications to U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (“USPTO”)—305.01
for electronic mail communications—304.08
for filing documents to be recorded in Assignment Division—503.04
of applicant—803.05
of assignee—502.02(a)-(b)
Advisory statement cannot serve as foundation for final refusal—714.05(c)
Aesthetic functionality—1202.02(a)(iii)(C)
Affidavit of continued use or excusable nonuse (§8) (See also Affidavit of continued use or excusable nonuse (§71))
appeal to federal court—1604.19
combined with renewal application—1606.20
combined with §15 affidavit—1605.05
change from mark as registered—1604.13
character of use of mark—1604.10
deficiencies, correction of—1604.06(b); 1604.17-1604.17(c)
domestic representative, designation of—1604.14
execution of—1604.08-1604.08(d)
extension of protection to the United States (§71)—1613
fee for filing—1604.06-1604.06(c)
form for filing—1604.03
goods and services set forth in—1604.09-1604.09(e)
grace period—1604.04; 1604.06(b)
nonuse—1604.11
notice on registration certificate—1604.02
Office action upon examination of—1604.15
ownership—1604.07-1604.07(f)
petition to Director—1604.18-1604.18(c)
premature filing of—1604.04(a)
recourse after refusal—1604.18-1604.18(c); 1604.19
response to Office action—1604.16
requirements for—1604.05
registrations in 20-year terms—1604.04(b)
signature—1604.08-1604.08(d)
specimen(s)—1604.12-1604.12(c)
time for filing—1604.04; 1604.17(c)
untimely filing cannot be cured—1712.02; 1604.17(c)
use in commerce—1604.10
who may file—1604.07
Affidavit of continued use or excusable nonuse (§71)—1613 (See also Affidavit of continued use or excusable nonuse (§8))
Affidavit of incontestability (§15)—1605-1605.06
combined with §8 affidavit—1605.05
form for filing—1605.02
premature—1605.03
requirements for—1605.04
§14 limitation independent of—1605.06
registered extension of protection of international registration—1605.01; 1904.11
substitute—1605.04
Supplemental Register registrations not eligible—1605.01
time for filing—1605.03
Affidavit of use (see Affidavit of continued use or excusable nonuse)
Affidavit under §8 (see Affidavit of continued use or excusable nonuse (§8))
Affidavit under §71 (see Affidavit of continued use or excusable nonuse (§71))
Agents—602
Agreement of drawing and foreign registration in §44 application—807.03(f); 807.12(b); 1011.01
Agreement of drawing and specimen—807.12(a); 1215.02(c)
Allegations of use in §1(b) application (see also Amendment to allege use; Statement of use)—1103
Alphabetical List, International—1401.02(c)
Amendment of application
after decision on appeal—1501.06
after final action—715; 715.01; 715.02
after publication—1505-1505.02(d)
from Principal Register to Supplemental Register in §1(b) application—1102.03
prohibited during period between issuance of notice of allowance and filing of statement of use, except to delete specified goods or services (§1(b) application)—1107
to add or substitute a basis for registration—806.03-806.03(k)
to change filing basis from §1(a) to §1(b)—806.03(c)
to change filing basis from §1(b) to §44—806.03(g); 806.03(j)(i); 806.03(j)(ii)
to change basis from §44 to §1(b)—806.03(d)
to claim priority—806.03(b)
to delete §1(b) basis—806.04-806.04(a)
to different register—816-816.05; 1102.03
Amendment of dates of use
to reflect a change, must be verified—903.05
upon amendment of identification—903.09
Amendment of mark in registration—1609.02-1609.02(d)
drawing—1609.02(b)
fee required—1609.02
in registered extension of protection—1609.02; 1904.13
material alteration of mark not permitted—1609.02(a)
specimen—1609.02(c)
who may request—1609.02
Amendment of mark on drawing—807.15
amendment to cure “internal inconsistency” not permitted—807.14(c)
may not result in material alteration—807.03(d); 807.14-807.14(d); 1609.02-1609.02(d)
must be warranted by specimens or foreign registration—807.12(a); 807.12(b)
not permitted in §66(a) application—807.13(b); 1609.02; 1904.02(g); 1906.01(i)
procedures for—807.15; 807.16
processing unacceptable amendments—807.17
in marks comprising domain names—1215.08-1215.08(b)
in registered extension of protection—1609.02; 1904.02(g); 1904.13; 1906.01(i)
in registration based on §1or §44 application—1609.02-1609.02(d)
in request for extension of protection of international registration—807.13(b); 1609.02; 1904.02(g); 1904.13; 1906.01(i)
Amendment of registration (see also Amendment of mark in registration)—1609-1609.09
correction of mistake—1609.10-1609.10(b)
dates of use—1609.07
disclaimer—1609.04
effect on limitation of grounds for cancellation—1609.08
fee required—1609.02
from Supplemental to Principal Register not permitted—1609.08
of classification—1609.04
of identification of goods/services—1609.03
of mark—1609.02-1609.02(d)
of owner’s address—1609.11
of registered extension of protection—1609.01; 1609.02; 1609.04; 1904.13; 1906.01-1906.01(i)
of registrations with color claim—1609.02(d)
territorial restrictions—1609.06
who may request—1609.01(a); 1609.01(b)
Amendment to allege use
approval of—1104.11
blackout period—1104.03(b); 1104.03(c)
dates of use—1104.09(d)
drawing—1104.09(f)
examination of, by examining attorney—1104.09-1104.09(h)
execution of—1104.09(b)
ex parte appeals—1104.07
fee for filing—1104.09(g)
filed in conjunction with application—1104.05
filing during pendency of ex parte appeal—1104.07
form of—1104.02
identification of goods/services in—1104.09(c)
located after publication—1104.04
minimum requirements for—1104.01
necessary elements of—1104.08
ownership—1104.09(a)
papers prepared for filing as amendment to allege use may be submitted as statement of use—1109.05(a)
review for compliance with minimum filing requirements—1104.01(a)-1104.01(c)
specimen—1104.09(e)
time for filing—1104.03
use in commerce—1104.09(d)
use on all goods/services before filing—1104.03(a)
withdrawal of—1104.10
“America” or “American,” marks comprising—1209.03(n); 1210.02(b)(iv)
Apostille—804.01(a)(i)
Appeal to Trademark Trial and Appeal Board
amendment during—1501.05
amendment after decision on—1501.06
appealable matter—1501.01; 1704
application record must be complete prior to—710.01(c)
dismissal of—1501; 1714.01(f)(ii)
fee for—1501.04
in general—1501-1501.07
time period for—1501
withdrawal of refusal during—1501.03
Appeal briefs, examining attorneys’
failure to file—1501; 1714.01(f)(ii)
format for—1501.02; App. A
preparation of—1501.02
unpublished decisions not to be cited in—705.05
Appealable matter—1501.01
Applicant
address of—803.05
application void if wrong party identified as—803.06; 1201.02(b)
association as—803.03(c)
citizenship of—803.04
corporation as—803.02(c); 803.03(c)
correcting mistake in name of—1201.02(c)
eligible under §44—1002-1002.05
foreign—803.03(i)
joint applicants as—803.03(d)
joint venture as—803.03(b)
may not be changed—803.06; 1201.02(b)
minor—803.01
must be natural or juristic person—803.01
name of—803.02
partnership as—803.03(b)
verification of—804-804.05
who may apply—803.01
Applicant’s name—803.02
Applicants, joint—712.01(a)(i); 803.03(d)
Application checklist—818
Application files
electronic—109.03; 402-402.01
new, processing of—401.04
preparation of, for publication or registration of mark—817
to remain in Office—109
Applications for international registration (see International applications for registration)
Application for registration
abandoned (see also Abandoned application; Abandonment of application)—718
“amended”—702.01
approved for publication—1502
approved for registration on Supplemental Register—815.03
basis for (see Filing basis)
classification—1401-1401.08
combined (see Combined application)
concurrent use (see Concurrent use registration)
dates of use—903.01; 903.02
declaration in lieu of oath—804.01(b)
defective—204-204.03
electronic—109.01; 402
establishing ownership of—502-502.03
filing basis (see Filing basis)
filing date (see Filing date (application))
form for filing—802
informal—204-204.03
intent-to-use (see Intent-to-use applications)
multiple-class (see Combined application)
persons who can sign verification—804.04
priority under §44(d)—806.01(c); 1003-1003.08
should specify register on which registration is sought—801.02(a)
specimen—904-904.11
statutory averments—804.02
suspended (see also Suspension of Office action)—716-716.06
use in commerce—806.01(a)
verification made in foreign country—804.01(a)(i)
verification with oath—804.01(a)
written—802
Application serial number—401.02
Article 6ter of Paris Convention—1205.02
Artists and authors, name of, as mark—1202.09; 1202.09(a); 1301.02(b)
Assignee
entitled to prosecute application or registration—501.05; 502.01
establishing ownership in name of—502-502.03
issuance of new registration certificate to—502.03
issuance of original registration certificate in name of—502.02(a)-(b)
not domiciled in United States—501.04
stands in place of applicant or registrant—501.05
Assignment (see also Assignee)
accessibility of records—503.08
conditional—503.01
definition of—501.01
documents—503.02; 503.03(a)
establishing ownership—502-502.03
examining attorney’s action regarding—502.02(c)
failure to record—501.03
indexing against recorded document not permitted—503.07
of intent-to-use application—501.01(a)
of marks in applications or registrations—501.01
of §1(b) application—501.01(a)
of §44 application—501.04; 1006
of §66(a) application—501.01(b); 501.07; 502.01; 502.02(b); 503.05; 503.03(a); 1904.06; 1906.01(a)-1906.01(a)(iii)
of extension of protection of international registration—501.01(b); 501.07; 502.01; 502.02(b); 502.03; 503.05; 503.03(a); 1904.06; 1906.01(a)-1906.01(a)(iii)
partial—501.06; 1110.08; 1615
recordation of (see Assignment, recordation of)
records open to public—503.08
searching—104; 503.08
Assignment, recordation of
address for submitting documents —503.04
automatic updating—504-504.05
correction of errors in—503.06-503.06(f)
cover sheet—503.03(e); 503.06(a)-503.06(a)(ii)
date of—503.05
documents eligible for—503.02
electronic filing—503.03(a); 503.03(b); 503.03(e)
effect of—503.01
errors, correction of—503.06-503.06(f)
fee for—503.03(d)
indexing not permitted—503.07
not a determination of validity—503.01
of extension of protection of international registration must be filed International Bureau—503.03(a); 503.05; 503.06; 503.06(b); 1904.06
of international registration—1906.01-1906.01(a)(iv)
original documents should not be filed—503.03(b)
petitions to correct or expunge assignment records—503.06(f)
procedure for—503.05
requirements for—503.03-503.03(e)
resubmission of documents for—503.05
searching may be done on USPTO website—104; 503.08
Association
name of—803.02(c)
state or country of organization of—803.04
Assumed business name—803.02; 803.02(a); 803.02(b)
Attorney
associate power of—602.01(b)
change of —602.01(b); 602.04; 603.02(a)
communication with—602; 707.01; 708.02
correspondence sent to—603; 603.01; 603.02(a)
Office may not aid in selection of—601.01
powers of (see also Power of attorney)—602.01-602.01(c)
revocation of power of—602.04
representation of owner of mark by—601
signature of—602.02(a)
standards of conduct—602.02
withdrawal of—602.04; 602.05
Author, name of, as mark—1202.09
Averments, statutory—804.02

B

Background designs and shapes as mark—1202.11
Banking institution as applicant—803.03(g)
Basic Facts About Registering a Trademark—105
Basis for filing (see Filing basis)
Blackout period—1104.03(b)-1104.03(c)
“Bona fide and effective industrial or commercial establishment”—1002.04
Bona fide intention to use mark in commerce

acceptable language for statement of—1101
application filing basis, under §1(b)—806.01(b)
continued—1101; 1108.02
must be asserted in request for extension of time to file statement of use—1108.02(e)
must be asserted in §44 application, even if use has commenced—1008
must be asserted in §66(a) application—804; 804.06; 1904.01(c)
must be asserted in written application—806.01(b)-806.01(d); 1101
not necessary to repeat in multi-basis application—806.02(g)
Bona fides of applicant, in asserting intent to use mark in commerce, not inquired into by examining attorney—1101
Bona fide use in ordinary course of trade—901.02
Bulky specimens—904.03
Business cards as specimens of service mark use—1301.04(c)
Business trusts—803.03(e)(i)
Business with Office to be transacted in writing—708.03; 709.03; 709.04; 709.05

C

Cancellation

of inadvertently accorded filing date—204.01
of international registration—1904.08
of notice of allowance—1106.03
of registration for certification mark—1306.05(b); 1306.07
of registration for failure to file affidavit of continued use —1604; 1604.04
of registration under §8—1604; 1604.04
of registrations under §14 or §37—1607
of registrations under §71—1904.10
surrender of registration for—1608
Catalogs as trademark specimens—904.06(a)
Certificate of extension of protection of international registration—1904.05
Certificate of mailing procedure
effect of —305.02(e)
eligible correspondence—305.02(a)
correspondence returned by U.S. Post Office—305.02(g)
date used to determine timeliness—305.02(e)
location of certificate—305.02(c)
mailing requirements and address—305.01
non-receipt of correspondence by PTO—305.02(f)
not available for filing international applications—305.02(a)
not available for filing requests for transformation—305.02(a)
not available for filing requests to record changes to an international registration—305.02(a)
not available for filing responses to IB notices of irregularities—305.02(a)
not available for filing subsequent designations—305.02(a)
not available for filing trademark applications—305.02(a)
wording of certificate—305.02(d)
Certificate of registration
extension of protection of international registration—1904.05
indication that mark is on Principal Register in—1601.07
indication that mark is on Supplemental Register in—1601.07
issuance in name of assignee—502.02(a)-(b)
new, upon change of ownership—502.03
Certificate of transmission (See Facsimile transmission, certificate of)
Certification Division, Office of Public Records—111
Certification mark
amendment to different type of mark—1306.06(g)(vi)
authority of applicant to control use of geographic term—1306.02(b)
based on foreign registration—1306.08
cancellation of registration for—1306.07
cancellation of prior trademark registration as prerequisite to issuance of certification mark registration—1306.05(b)
certification statement in application to register—1306.06(g)(i)
certification versus performance of services and sale of goods—1306.04
characteristics of—1306.05
circumstances surrounding use—1306.05
classification of goods/services in application to register—1306.06(e); 1401.03(d); 1902.02(g)(ii); 1904.02(b)
collective mark, distinguished from certification mark—1306.09(a)
definition of—1306.01
distinguished from other types of marks— 1306.01; 1306.09(a); 1306.09(b)
drawing requirements—1306.06(b)
examination of application to register—1306.06-1306.06(g)(vi)
exercise of control—1306.06(g)(iii)
foreign registration, basis for registration of certification mark—1306.08
geographic term used to designate regional origin—1210.09; 1306.02-1306.02(c)
geographically deceptive term not permitted—1306.02
government as applicant for—1306.02(c)
grounds for cancellation under §14, applicability to examination—1306.07
identification of goods or services—1306.06(f)
indication of regional origin versus description of goods—1306.02(a)
labor performed by specific group or individual, term used to certify that—1306.03
mark not used by applicant—1306.06(g)(v)
may be geographically descriptive—1306.02
not registrable as trademark or service mark—1306.05(a)
ownership of—1306.04
patent licenses, use of trademark or service mark by patent licensee distinguished from—1306.09(c)
purpose is to certify, not indicate source—1306.01(b)
quality control by owner not a requirement—1306.01(a)
related company use of trademark or service mark distinguished from—1306.09(b)
same mark not registrable as other type of mark—1306.05(a); 1306.05(b)
specimens—1306.06(c); 1306.06(d)
standards—1306.06(g)(ii)
statement of control over use of mark—1306.06(g)(iii)
statement of first use under authority of applicant—1306.06(g)(iv)
statement that mark is not used by applicant—1306.06(g)(iv)
statement of what mark certifies—1306.06(g)(i)
uncertainty as to type of mark—1306.09
use is by others—1306.01(a); 1306.06(g)(iv); 1306.06(g)(v)
verification language in application to register—1306.06(g)(iii)
Certification or certified copy of foreign registration required for §44(e)—1004.01
Chain of title—502.01; 502.02(a)
Change of correspondence address—603.02-603.02(c)
Change of filing date of application—204.03; 205; 1711
Character or person, as mark—1202.09; 1202.09(a); 1301.02(b)
Check, in general—405.02
Check, returned unpaid
affidavit of continued use or excusable nonuse (§8)—405.06; 1604.06(c)
amendment to allege use—405.06; 1104.09(g)
application filing fee—202.03(a); 405.06
extension of time to file statement of use—405.06; 1108.02(c)
renewal fee—405.06; 1606.05(c)
statement of use—405.06; 1109.15(a)
Checklist, application—818
Citizenship of applicant—803.04
Claim of priority (see also Priority under §44(d))
amendment to add—806.03(b); 1003.02
form of—806.01(e); 806.01(c); 1003; 1904.01(e)
in application for international registration—1902.05
in request for extension of protection of international registration—206.02; 1904.01(e)
Claiming benefits of Act of 1946 under §12(c)—1603-1603.03
Class headings—1401.02(a)
Classification of goods/services
amendment of—707.02; 1401.03; 1401.03(b); 1401.04(b); 1403.02; 1403.02(b)
amendment after publication —707.02; 1109.14; 1505.01(b)
amendment after registration—1401.02; 1609.04
amendment from U.S. to international classification system—1401.02; 1601.06; 1609.04
amendment not permitted in §66(a) application—1401.03(d); 1505.01(b); 1609.04; 1904.02(b)
cannot be changed in §66(a) application—1401.03(d); 1505.01(b); 1609.04; 1904.02(b)
certification mark—1306.06(e); 1401.03(d); 1902.02(g)(ii); 1904.02(b)
collective mark—1303.02(a)
collective membership mark—1304.09(a); 1401.03(d); 1902.02(g)(ii); 1904.02(b)
criteria for determining—1401.02(a); 1401.05
designation by applicant normally accepted—1401.03(a)
designation by International Bureau in §66(a) application controls—1401.03(d); 1904.02(b)
designation by Office—1401.03(b)
in application for international registration—1902.02(g)-1902.02(g)(iii)
in §66(a) application—1401.03(d); 1505.01(b); 1609.04; 1904.02(b)
international system—1401.02-1401.02(c)
plurality of uses—1401.07
republication not required after amendment—1505.01(b)
services—1401.02(a); 1402.11
short titles of classes—1401.02(b)
should be designated by applicant, if known—1401.03
statutory authority for—1401.01
Clear error in second examination—1109.08
Closings of USPTO, unscheduled—309
Coat of arms, refusal to register mark comprising—1204
Collective mark, in general (see also Collective membership mark; Collective trademarks and service marks)
definition of—1302
history of—1302.01
Collective membership mark
classification—1304.09(a); 1401.03(d); 1902.02(g)(ii); 1904.02(b)
control over use of—1304.09(d)(i); 1304.09(d)(ii)
distinguished from other types of marks—1302; 1304.01; 1306.09(a)
examination of application to register—1304.09-1304.09(d)(iii)
history of—1304.01
identifications—1304.09(b)
ownership of—1302; 1304.04; 1304.05
purpose of—1304.02
refusal to register—1304.08
special elements of—1304.09(d)(i); 1304.09(d)(iii)
specimens for—1304.09(c)
title or degree designations compared with—1304.08(c)
use is by members—1304.03; 1304.09(d)(iii)
Collective organization
use of collective mark by members of—1302; 1303.01
use of trademark or service mark by—1305
Collective trademarks and service marks
control over use of—1303.02(c)(i); 1303.02(c)(ii)
classification of—1303.02(a)
distinguished from other types of marks—1302; 1303; 1305; 1306.09(a)
examination of application to register—1303.02-1303.02(c)(ii)
ownership of—1303
special elements of—1303.02(c)(i); 1303.02(c)(ii)
specimens for—1303.02(b)
use is by members—1303.01; 1303.02(c)(ii)
Color
must be claimed as feature of the mark—807.07(a); 807.07(a)(i)
as a mark—1202.05-1202.05(h)
drawings of—807.07-807.07(e); 1202.05(d)-1202.05(d)(iii)
gray—807.07(e)
in the mark—807.07-807.07(e); 1202.05-1202.05(h)
lining—808.01(d)
specimens for marks comprising—904.02(c); 1202.05(f)
Color claim—807.07(a)-807.07(d)
Columns or sections of publications, marks that identify—1202.07-1202.07(b)
Combined affidavit under §§8 and 15—1605.05
Combined application
abandonment of—1403.05
addition of class number(s) in—1403.02(c)
amendment of—1403.02
correction of class(es) in—1403.02(b)
deletion of class(es) from—1403.02(a)
division of (see also Division of application)—1403.03
filing fees for—810.01; 1401.04; 1403.05(a)
goods/services not limited to one class—1403.01
refusal as to fewer than all classes in—1403.05
requirements for—1403.01
single certificate of registration issued, unless application divided—1403.01
specimens for—904.01(b)
Commerce
bona fide use in ordinary course of trade—901.02
commerce that may be lawfully regulated by Congress—901.03
definition of—901.01
use in (see Use in commerce)
territorial—901.03
type of—903.03
with the United States—903.03
Commercial name—1202.01
Commissioner, change of title—1701
Companion applications—702.03(a)-702.03(a)(iv)
“Company”
does not identify legal entity in the United States—803.03; 803.03(c)
used in commonwealth countries to designate legal entity—803.03(i)
Company, related (see Related company)
Compliance with other laws—907
Component or ingredient, mark used to identify—1402.05(a)
Composition of goods—1402.05(b)
Computer programs
identification of—1402.03(d)
specimens for—904.04(d)
Concurrent use registration—1207.04-1207.04(f)(i)
permitted in §44 and §66(a) applications—1207.04(b)
Conditional assignment—503.01
Configuration of goods or packaging—1202.02-1202.02(e)
Conflicting applications—702.03(b); 1207.01(d)(x); 1208-1208.02(f)
Conflicting marks—702.03(b); 1207.01(d)(x); 1208-1208.02(f)
Congressional inquiry—1802
Consent agreement—1207.01(d)(viii)
Consent to register by living individual—813; 1206.03-1206.03(b)
Conservatorship as owner of mark—803.03(e)
Constructive use—201.02; 1904.01(g)
Control over nature and quality of goods/services—1201.01; 1201.03; 1201.03(a)
Convention or treaty relating to trademarks—1001; 1002.01; 1002.02; 1900; App. B
Copending (companion) applications—702.03(a)-702.03(a)(iv)
Copies of documents, when acceptable for filing—302.01
Copies of materials in files, requests for—111
Copies of trademark applications and registrations, requests for—111
Copying materials in files—109.03
Corporation
address of—803.05
name of—803.02
non-profit—803.03(c)
signature on behalf of—712.01(a)(iv); 804.04
state or country of incorporation—803.04
tax-exempt—803.03(c)
Correction of errors in cover sheet or recorded document—503.06-503.06(f)
Correction of errors in international registration—1906.01(f)
Correction of mistake in name of applicant—1201.02(c)
Correction of mistake in registration—1609.10-1609.10(b)
Correction of drawing—807.15-807.16
Correspondence, returned as undeliverable—403
Correspondence address—603-603.05
change of—603.02-603.02(c); 603.05
establishing—603.01
in §66(a) application—603.01(a)
Correspondence with applicants not domiciled in United States—603.05
Correspondence, with whom held—603-603.05
Country of origin—1002.04
Courier service, delivery of correspondence by—307
Court orders concerning registrations—1610
Cover sheet required for recording in Assignment Division—503.03(e)
Credit card—405.01; 405.06
Charges refused or charged back—202.03(a)-202.03(a)(i); 405.06
Cultivar names—1202.12

D

Date

of filing (see Filing date (application); “Office Date” stamp)
of first use in commerce—903.02
of first use of mark—903.01
of notarization of application—804.01(a)
of receipt stamped on hand-delivered papers—303.01; 303.02(b); 307
of signing of §2.20 declaration in application—804.01(a); 804.01(b); 804.03
Date stamp (see “Office Date” stamp)
Dates of use (see also Date of first use in commerce; Date of first use of mark)
amending—903.05
in allegation of use, may be earlier than application filing date—903
in another form—903.08
indefinite—903.07
must be specified in amendment to allege use—903; 1104.09(d)
must be specified in §1(a) application—806.01(a); 903
must be specified in statement of use—903; 1109.09(a)
must be verified—903
pertain to at least one item in class—903.09
relation between—903.04
DBA designations—803.02; 803.02(a); 803.02(c)
De facto functionality—1202.02(a)(iii)(B)
De jure functionality—1202.02(a)(iii)(B)
Dead languages, translation of—809; 1207.01(b)(vi); 1209.03(g)
Deadline for response, how to compute—310
Deceptive matter—1203.02-1203.02(b); 1210.05-1210.05(b)(ii)
Deceptively misdescriptive geographic marks—1210.01(b); 1210.06(b); 1210.05(a); 1210.05(b)-1210.05(b)(ii)
basis for refusal—1210.05(a)
test—1210.01(b)-1210.01(c)
Deceptively misdescriptive marks—1209.04
Declaration under §8 (see Affidavit of continued use or excusable nonuse (§8))
Declaration under §71 (see Affidavit of continued use or excusable nonuse (§71))
Declaration in lieu of oath—804.01(b)
Defective application materials—204-204.03
Degrees or titles—1304.08(c); 1306.03; 1306.06(a)
Delay between execution and filing of papers—804.03; 1104.09(b); 1108.02(b); 1109.05(a); 1109.11(c)
Deletion
of items from identification—1104.09(c); 1107; 1108.02(d); 1109.13; 1402.06(a)
of matter from mark on drawing—807.14(a)
Deposit accounts—405.03
Description
guidelines for requiring—808.01
of color in mark—807.07(a)(ii); 1202.05(c)
of designs of figurative elements—808.01(b)
of letters and numerals—808.01(a)
of location of mark on goods—808.01
of mark comprising configuration—808.01; 1202.02(d)
of sensory mark—807.09
of symbols in mark—808.01(b)
of three-dimensional mark—807.10; 808.01
printed in Official Gazette808.03
printed on registration certificate—808.03
printing of—808.03; 817; 1202.02(d)
Descriptiveness, geographical—1210-1210.09
Descriptiveness, mere—1209; 1209.01-1209.03(s)
combined terms—1209.03(d)
design or picture—1209.03(f)
domain names—1209.03(m); 1215.04; 1215.05
first user—1209.03(c)
foreign equivalents—1209.03(g)
function or purpose—1209.03(p)
incongruity—1209.03(h)
laudatory terms—1209.03(k)
more than one meaning—1209.03(e)
no dictionary listing—1209.03(b)
phonetic equivalent—1209.03(j)
procedure for refusal—1209.02
retail store and distributorship services—1209.03(r)
slogans—1209.03(s)
source or provider of goods/services—1209.03(q)
third party registrations—1209.03(a)
Destruction of files—109.02; 718.07
Diligence (see Due diligence in monitoring status of pending matters)
Director, statutory authority of—1701
Disclaimer
alliteration—1213.05(e)
as to certain classes, or certain goods or services—1213
compound word marks—1213.05(a)-1213.05(a)(ii)
double entendre—1213.05(c)
form of—1213.08 - 1213.08(d)
history—1213.01
in relation to likelihood of confusion—1213.09; 1213.10
of domain name—1215.07
of entire mark not permitted—1213.06
of entity designations—1213.03(d)
of foreign words—1213.08(d)
of generic matter—1213.03(b)
of geographic terms—1210.06(a)l 1210.06(b)
of misspelled words—1213.08(c)
of pictorial representations of descriptive matter—1213.03(c)
of unregistrable matter in its entirety—1213.08(b)
piecemeal disclaimer not permitted—1213.08(b)
refusal to register because of failure to disclaim—1213.01(b)
removal rather than—1213.07
slogan not subject to—1213.05(b)
sound patterns—1213.05(e)
standardized printing format for—1213.08(a)(i)
unitary mark not subject to—1213.05-1213.05(f)
voluntary—1213.01(c)
with respect to unitary marks—1213.05 - 1213.05(f)
Disparagement—1203.03 - 1203.03(d)
Distinctiveness under §2(f) (see Acquired distinctiveness (§2(f)) claim)
Division 
fee for—1110.02
of application—1110-1110.07
of application subject to Board proceeding—1110.06
of application under §44—1110.07
of application under §66(a)—1110.08
of international registration—1906.01(a)(iv)
of multiple class application—1403.03
of registration—1615
time for filing—1110.01
when statement of use is due—1110.04
when response to Office action is due—1110.05
Divisions, operating or unincorporated—803.01
Documents not returned to filer—404
Documents that the Office will record—503.02
Domain names, marks comprising—1209.03(m); 1215-1215.10
agreement of mark on drawing with mark on specimen—1215.02(c); 1215.08-1215.08(b)
combined with geographic matter—1215.06
combined with surname—1211.01(b)(vii); 1215.03
descriptiveness—1209.03(m); 1215.04; 1215.05
disclaimer of—1215.07
for domain name registry services—1215.02(d)
generic refusals—1209.03(m); 1215.05
intent-to-use applications—1215.02(e)
use as a mark—1215.02-1215.02(e)
Domestic representative (of party not domiciled in United States)
designation by applicant—604
designation by assignee—501.04
designation by renewal applicant—1606.10
mailing of correspondence to—603.05
with respect to affidavits under §8 —1604.14
with respect to proceedings before Trademark Trial and Appeal Board—604
Drawing(s) (see also Special-form drawing; Standard character drawing)
agreement with foreign registration in §44 application—807.03(f); 807.12(b); 1011.01
agreement with specimens—807.12(a); 1215.02(c)
amendments (see Amendment of mark on drawing)
broken lines on—807.08; 1202.02(d)
clear drawing of—202.01
code—807.18
color —807.07-807.07(d); 1202.05(d)-1202.05(d)(iii)
color lining—808.01(d)
deletion of matter from—807.14(a)
determining when special form exists—807.04-807.04(b)
dotted lines on—807.08; 1202.02(d)
electronically filed application—807.05-807.05(c)
fax transmission not permitted—306.01
for sensory marks—807.09
gray tones in—807.07(e)
in applications filed before November 2, 2003807.03(i); 807.07(f)
in §44 application—807.03(f); 1011-1011.03
ink (see Special-form drawing)
limited to mark—807.02
limited to one mark—202.01; 807.01; 1011.02
lining—808.01(d)
long marks—807.05(a)(i); 807.06(b)
mark drawing code—807.18
motion, drawing of marks with—807.11
multiple—202.01; 807.01
not required for sound, scent or non-visual mark—807.09
paper—807.06-807.06(c)
required for marks other than sound and scent—807
separate drawing page—807.06(b)
showing position of mark—807.08
size of—807.06(a)
special-form (see Special-form drawing)
standard character—807.03-807.03(i)
substitute—807.15
three-dimensional marks—807.10; 1202.02(d)
transfer of (under 37 C.F.R. §2.26)—807.19
type of paper for—807.06(a)
typed (see Standard character drawing)
Dual citizenship asserted by applicant—803.04
Due diligence in monitoring status of pending matters—108.04; 1705.05; 1712.01; 1714.01(d)
Duplicate registrations not issued—703
Duration of registration—1602-1602.04

E

Educational institution as owner of mark—803.03(f)
Effective date

of Madrid Protocol Implementation Act—1900 (introductory text)
of Trademark Act of 19461601.02
of Trademark Law Revision Act of 19881602.01
of Trademark Law Treaty Implementation Act—1602.04
Effective filing date of application—206-206.02
Electronic filing through TEAS—301; 303.02(a)
confirmation of receipt of—303.02(a)
drawings—807.05 et seq.
signature—301; 804.05
specimens—904.02
Electronic funds transfer—405; 406
Electronic image files—109.01; 402
Electronic mail—304-304.10
address for correspondence by—304.08
attachments must be in .jpg format—304.01; 304.07
authorization of—304.03
cannot be used to respond to examining attorneys’ Office actions—304.02
communications that may be filed by—304.01; 304.02
filing date of—304.04
outgoing, 304.06; 403; 717.01
signature of—304.07; 804.05
English, application must be in—802
Enrollment and Discipline, Office of—602; 602.02; 602.03; 720
Entity, legal—803.03
Entity of foreign applicants, common terms designating—803.03(i)
Equivalents, foreign—1207.01(b)(vi); 1209.03(g)
Errors in cover sheet or recorded document, correction of—503.06-503.06(f)
Establishing ownership of applications or registrations—502-502.03
Estate as owner of mark—803.03(e)
Evidence with respect to refusal or requirement—710-710.03
from Internet—710.01(b)
from research database—710.01(a)
indicating no refusal or requirement necessary—710.02
of third party registration—710.03
record must be complete prior to appeal—710.01(c); 1501.02
remand for introduction of new evidence—1504.05; 1504.05(a)
Examination
checklist—818
initial (see also Intent-to-use applications, initial examination of)—704.01; 1102-1102.04
of related applications—702.03-702.03(b)
of §66(a) application—1904.02-1904.02(h)
order of—702.01
procedure—704-704.03
search—704.02
“second” examination (see Statement of use, examination of)
“special” applications—702.02; 1710-1710.02
statutory authority for—701
suspended applications—716-716.06
Examiner’s amendment
approval of—707.01
combined with priority action—708.05
form of—707.03
may not be issued as first action in §66(a) application—707
objection to amendment of identification of goods/services—1402.07(e)
to enter standard character claim—707.02
when appropriate—707.01; 707.02
without prior authorization—707.02
Examining attorneys’ appeal briefs (see Appeal briefs, examining attorneys’)
Ex parte, contacts with third parties regarding ex parte matters—1806
Express abandonment of application—718.01
“Express Mail,” filing of correspondence by—305.03
Extension of protection of international registration to the United States (see also Registered extension of protection; Section 66(a))
affidavit of continued use or excusable nonuse—1613; 1904.11
affidavit of incontestability—1605.01; 1904.11
amendment to Supplemental Register not permitted—801.02(b); 815; 816.01; 816.04; 1904.02(c)
amendment of identification of goods/services—1402.01(c); 1609.01; 1904.02(b); 1906.01(i)
amendment of mark not permitted—807.13(b); 1609.02; 1904.02(g); 1906.01(i)
assignability of—501.01(b)
assignee, issuance of registration certificate in name of—502.02(b); 502.03
assignment of—501.01(b); 501.07; 502.01; 502.02(b); 502.03; 503.05; 503.03(a); 1904.06; 1906.01(a)-1906.01(a)(iii)
basis—806.01(e); 806.03(k); 1505.01(f); 1904.01(a)
cancellation of, by IB—1904.08
cannot be amended under §7—1609.01(a)
cannot be based on USPTO application—1904.01(h)
certificate of registration—1904.05
certificate of registration, issuance in name of new owner—502.02(b); 502.03
claim of acquired distinctiveness—1212.08
classification of goods and services—1401.03(d); 1403.02; 1403.02(b); 1403.02(c); 1505.01(b); 1609.04; 1904.02(b)
concurrent use registration permitted—1207.04(b)
constructive use—1904.01(g)
correction of errors—1906.01(f)
correspondence address—603.01(a); 1904.02(f)
declaration of intent to use required—804.06; 1904.01(c)
dividing—1110.08; 1615.02
drawing—202.10; 807.03(b); 807.03(g); 807.03(h); 807.07(b); 807.12(c); 807.13(b)
establishing right to take action—502.01
examination of—1904.02-1904.02(h)
express abandonment of—718.01
filing basis—806.01(e); 806.03(k); 1505.01(f); 1904.01(a)
filing date—201; 202; 203; 1904.01(b)
filing fee—202.03; 810; 810.01; 1401.05(b); 1904.01(f)
filing receipt—401.01
identification of goods and services—1402.01(c); 1609.01; 1904.02(b); 1906.01(i)
incontestability, affidavit of—1605.01; 1904.11
invalidation of—1904.07
issuance of registration certificate in name of new owner—502.02(b); 502.03
jurisdiction—1504.04; 1904.02(h)
mark cannot be amended—807.13(b); 1609.02; 1904.02(g); 1906.01(i)
must be filed by holder of international registration—1201
notice of refusal—1904.03-1904.03(e); 1904.04
Office actions, issuing—1904.02(e)
opposition—1503.01; 1503.06; 1504.02; 1504.05(a); 1904.04
ownership, in general—501; 502; 1201; 1904.06
ownership, change of—501.01(b); 501.07; 502.01; 502.02(b); 502.03; 503.05; 503.03(a); 1904.06; 1906.01(a)-1906.01(a)(iii)
priority claim—206.02; 1904.01(e)
recording change of ownership—503.05; 1904.06; 1906.01(a)-1906.01(a)(iii)
remains part of international registration—1904.05
remand—1504.02; 1504.05(a)
refusal of—711.02; 714.05(b); 1904.03; 1904.03(e); 1904.04
renewal of—1602.01; 1606.01(b); 1614; 1905
replacement—1616; 1904.12
signature—804.04; 804.06; 1904.01(c)
Supplemental Register, amendment to not a new issue—714.05(a)(i)
Supplemental Register, not registrable on—801.02(b); 815; 816.01; 816.04; 1904.02(c)
transformation of—1904.09-1904.09(b)
use not required—901; 1904.01(d)
verification—804; 804.04; 804.06; 1904.01(c)
Extension of time to file statement of use (see Request for extension of time to file statement of use)
Extension of time to oppose—1503.04

F

Facsimile transmission, certificate of (see also Facsimile transmission, filing of correspondence by)

effect of—306.05(c)
eligible correspondence—306.01
non-receipt of correspondence by PTO—306.05(d)
not available for filing international applications—306.01
not available for filing requests for transformation—306.01
not available for filing requests to record changes to an international registration—306.01
not available for filing responses to IB notices of irregularities—306.01
not available for filing subsequent designations—306.01
not available for filing trademark applications—306.01
requirements for—306.05-306.05(c)
wording of certificate—306.05(b)
Facsimile transmission, filing of correspondence by (see also Facsimile transmission, certificate of)
documents excluded—306.01
documents included—306.01
effect of—306.03
not available for filing applications—306.01
procedure for—306.04; 306.05
False suggestion of connection—1203.03(e); 1203.03(f)
Fax copies of documents, filing of—302.01
Fax transmission (see Facsimile transmission)
Federal holiday, response period ending on—308
Fee(s)
for correcting irregularities in international application—1902.07(b)(i)
electronic funds transfer—405.05
for filing amendment to allege use—1104.09(g)
for filing application—202.03; 810-810.02; 1401.04; 1403.01; 1403.05(a)
for filing international application—1902.02(i)
for filing request for transformation—1904.09
for filing request to record changes to an international registration—1906.01(a)(i)
for filing subsequent designation—1902.08(c)
for filing multi-class application—810; 810.01; 1401.04; 1403.01; 1403.05(a)
for filing request for extension of time to file statement of use—1108.02(c)
for filing statement of use—1109.15
for recording document in Assignment Division—503.03(d)
for request to divide—1110.02
international, payment of—1903.02
number of—810; 810.01; 1401.04; 1403.01; 1403.05(a)
refund of (see Refund of fees)
refused by financial institution—405.06
returned check—202.03(a)-202.03(a)(i); 405.06; 1104.09(g); 1108.02(c); 1109.15(a); 1604.06(c); 1606.05(c)
Files, access to—109-109.03
Files, destruction of—109.02; 718.07
Files, electronic—109.03; 402-402.01
Filing basis
abandonment of multi-basis application—806.02(d)
amendment after publication—806.03(j)-806.03(j)(ii); 1505.01(f)
amendment, effect on filing date—806.03(h); 806.04(b)
amendment from §1(a) to §1(b)—806.03(c)
amendment from §1(b) to §44—806.03(g)
amendment from §44 to §1(b)—806.03(d)
amendment of §66(a) basis not permitted—806.03(k); 1505.01(f); 1904.01(a)
amendment, verification of—806.02(e); 806.03(i)
bona fide intention to use mark in commerce—806.01(b)-806.01(d); 806.02(e); 807.02(g)
changing—806.03-806.03(k)
changing after publication—806.03(j)-806.03(j)(ii)
claim of priority under §44(d)—806.01(c); 806.02(f); 806.03(b); 806.04(b)
combining §1(a) and §1(b)—806.02(a); 806.02(b); 806.03(c))
combining §1 and §44—806.02(e); 806.02(f); 807.02(g); 806.03(d); 806.03(f); 806.04(b)
deletion of, in general—806.04
deletion of §1(b) basis—806.04-806.04(b)
extension of protection of international registration under §66(a)—806.01(e); 1904.01(a)
foreign registration under §44(e)—806.01(d); 806.02(e)
intent-to-use—806.01(b); 806.02(b); 806.03(c); 806.03(d); 806.03(e); 806.03(g); 806.04(a)
multiple—806.02-806.02(f)
must be stated in written application—806
requirements for establishing—806.01-806.01(d)
review prior to publication or issue—806.05
specimen, deferral of examination in multi-basis application—806.02(c)
use in commerce—806.01(a); 806.02(b); 806.03(c)
when basis can be changed—806.03(a)
Filing date, application 
change of—204.03; 205; 1711
denial of—204-204.03; 1711
effective—206-206.02
in extension of protection of international registration—1904.01(b)
minimum requirements for—202
of §66(a) application—1904.01(b)
priority—206.02; 806.01(c); 1003-1003.02; 1003.05
request for restoration of—1711
requirements for receiving—202-202.03
restoration of—1711
review for compliance with minimum requirements—203
review of denial of—1711
section 66(a) application—1904.01(b)
what constitutes—201
Filing date, for correspondence (in general)—205; 303.01; 304.04
Filing date, for correspondence filed via electronic mail—304.04
Filing date label—303.02(b)
Filing fee, application—202.03; 810-810.02; 1403.01; 1403.05(a)
in §66(a) application—202.03; 810; 810.01; 1904.01(f)
varies depending on whether application filed on paper or through TEAS—202.03; 810; 1110.02; 1403.02(c)
Filing of correspondence with USPTO—305.01
by courier or delivery service—307
by “Express Mail”—305.03
by fax (see Facsimile transmission, filing of certain papers and fee authorizations by)
by hand delivery—307
by mail—305-305.03
by unauthorized individual—602.03
certificate of mailing procedure for (see Certificate of mailing procedure)
certificate of transmission procedure for (See Facsimile transmission, certificate of)
time between execution and—804.03; 1104.09(b); 1108.02(b); 1109.05(a); 1109.11(c)
Filing of correspondence with International Bureau—1906-1906.01(i)
Filing receipt—401.01
Final refusal
action after—715-715.04
for failure to provide information requested by examining attorney—814
issuance of, after removal of application from suspension—716.06
new issues requiring issuance of non-final action—714.05-714.05(c); 715.03(b)
not permissible on first action—714.01
not permissible on suspension—714.02
pertaining to identification—714.05(a)(ii)
pertaining to proposed amendment of drawing—807.17
premature—714.06
proper response to—715.01
request for reconsideration after—715.03-715.03(c); 1714.01(a); 1714.01(f)(ii)
statement of grounds of—714.04
when appropriate—714.03; 714.05-714.05(c)
with respect to §2(f) claim—714.05(a)(i); 1212.02(h)
“Firm”—803.02(b)
Flag, refusal to register mark comprising—1204
Foreign applicant
common terms designating entity of—803.03(i)
signature on behalf of—712.01(a)(v); 804.04
Foreign equivalents, doctrine of—1207.01(b)(vi); 1209.03(g)
Foreign priority (see Priority under §44(d), application claiming)
Foreign registration, application based on ownership of
assignment of home country application or registration—1006
bona fide intention to use mark in commerce —806.01(d); 806.02(e); 807.02(g); 1004; 1008
certification or certified copy of foreign registration required—806.01(d); 1004.01
drawing—807.03(f); 807.12(b); 1011-1011.03
establishing entitlement under a treaty—1002.01; 1002.03
from applicant’s country of origin—1002.04
identification of goods/services—1012; 1402.01(b)
international registration as basis for §44 application—1016
may not be filed before foreign registration has issued—1004
must be in force—1004.01(a)
ownership of foreign registration—1005
requirements for receiving a filing date—202-202.03
requirements for §44(e) basis—806.01(d)
specimen not required—1009
standard character claim in—807.03(f); 1011.01
status of foreign registration
suspension pending receipt of copy of foreign registration not permitted except in extraordinary situation—1004.01
translation of —1004.01(b)
use not required—1009
“Foreign” commerce—903.03
Form paragraphs—705; 705.01
Forms, trademark—103; 301
Fragrance as mark—807.09; 1202.13
Franchisees, use of mark by—1201.03(f)
Fraud—720
Freedom of Information Act requests—1803
for copies of letters of protest—1715.07
Functionality—1202.02(a)-1202.02(a)(v)(C)

G

Generic terms—1209.01(c)-1209.01(c)(iii); 1215.05
Geographic terms

“America” and “American”—1210.02(b)(iv)
arbitrary use of—1210.04(d)
as certification marks—1210.09; 1306.02-1306.02(c)
combined with additional matter—1210.02(c)-1210.02(c)(iii); 1210.06-1210.06(b)
combined with domain name—1215.06
disclaimer of—1210.06(a); 1210.06(b); 1210.06(b)
goods/place association—1210.04; 1210.04(a)
misleading indication of origin of wines/spirits—1210.08
more than one location with same name—1210.02(b)(ii)
non-geographic characteristics—1210.02(b)(iii)
obscure or remote—1210.04(c)
origin of goods or services—1210.03
other meanings—1210.02(b)(i)
registrability on Supplemental Register—1210.07(a)
registrability under §2(f)—1210.07(b)
registration of, under §2(f)—1210.07(b)
services/place association—1210.04; 1210.04(b0
two geographic terms combined—1210.02(c)(i)
used as certification mark to designate regional origin—1306.02
with surname significance—1210.02(b)(i)(A)
Geographical marks, deceptive (See also Geographically deceptively misdescriptive marks)—1203.02(a); 1210.01(b); 1210.01(c); 1210.05-1210.05(b)(ii)
basis for refusal—1210.04(a)
disclaimer—1210.06(b)
materiality of deception—1210.05(b)-1210.05(b)(ii)
registrability on Supplemental Register—1210.07(a)
registrability under §2(f)—1210.07(b)
test—1210.01(c)
used on wines and spirits—1210.08
Geographically deceptively misdescriptive marks (See also Geographical marks, deceptive)—1210.01(b); 1210.05(a)-1210.05(b)(ii); 1210.06(b)
basis for refusal—1210.04(a)
disclaimer—1210.06(b)
materiality of deception—1210.05(b)-1210.05(b)(ii)
registrability on Supplemental Register—1210.07(a)
registrability under §2(f)—1210.07(b)
test—1210.01(b)
Geographically descriptive marks—1210.01(a); 1210-1210.09
disclaimer—1210.06(a)
registrability on Supplemental Register—1210.07(a)
registrability under §2(f)—1210.07(b)
test—1210.01(a)
Geometric shapes—1202.11
Good cause, showing of, in request for second or subsequent extension of time to file statement of use—1108.02(f)
Goods (see Identification of goods/services; Classification of goods/services)
Goods/place association—1210.04-1210.04(d)
Goods in trade—1202.06-1202.06(c)
Governmental body as owner of mark—803.03(f)
Grade designation—1202.10
Gray tones in drawings—807.07(e)

H

Hague convention—804.01(a)(i)
Hand delivery of correspondence to USPTO—307
Heading or caption for papers—302.03(a); 302.03(b)
Holiday (see Federal holiday, response period ending on)
Hologram—807.01; 1202.14
House mark—1402.03(b)

I

Identification of goods/services

accuracy of—1402.05
ambiguous—1402.07(b)
amendment permitted to clarify or limit—1402.06-1402.06(b)
amendment of portion—1402.13
association services—1402.11(c)
broad terms in—1402.03; 1402.03(a)
certification mark—1306.06(f)
charitable services—1402.11(d)
clarification of—1402.06-1402.06(b)
components or ingredients—1402.05(a)
computer programs—1402.03(d)
computer services—1402.11(a)
consulting services—1402.11(e)
deletion of items from—1104.09(c); 1107; 1108.02(d); 1109.13; 1402.06(a)
entitlement to filing date with respect to—202.02; 1402.02
final refusal pertaining to—714.05(a)(ii)
“full line of”—1402.03(c)
house mark—1402.03(b)
identical language in more than one class not permitted—1401.07
in amendment to allege use—1104.09(c)
in international application—1902.02(f)
in response to IB notice of irregularity—1902.07(c)(ii)
inappropriate in collective membership mark application—1304.09(b)
inclusive terminology in—1402.03(a)
in request for extension of time to file statement of use—1108.02(d)
in §44 application may not exceed scope of those in foreign registration—1012
in §66(a) application—1402.01(c); 1904.02(b)
in statement of use—1109.13
limitation of—1402.06(a)
location of—1402.01(d)
moving goods/services between companion applications—1402.08
negative language in—1402.06(a)
online publications—1402.11(a)
“ordinary meaning” test for determining scope of—1402.07(a)
parenthesis and brackets should not be used in—1402.12
printed publications—1402.03(e); 1402.11(a)
required for application to receive a filing date—202.02; 1402.02
services—1402.11
scope of, for amendment purposes—1402.07; 1402.07(e)
specificity of terms in—1402.03; 1402.03(e)
trademarks/service marks inappropriate in—1402.09
unambiguous—1402.07(c)
Immoral or scandalous matter—1203.01
Improper use of registration notice—906.02
Inadvertently issued registration—1109.15(a); 1503.01; 1609.10(a)
Incomplete application materials—204-204.03
Incomplete response to Office action—718.03-718.03(c); 1713; 1714.01(f)(ii)
Incontestability
affidavit of (§15) (see Affidavit of incontestability)
effect in examination—1216.02
Indexing against recorded document not permitted—503.07
Individual as applicant
citizenship of—803.04
doing business under assumed name—803.02; 803.02(a); 803.02(c)
name of—803.02(a)
Individual, living—813; 1206.02; 1206.03-1206.03(b)
Individuals who may practice before Office in trademark matters—602
Informal application materials—204-204.03
Information, examining attorney’s request for—814
Informational matter
as mark—1202.04; 1301.02(a)
on drawing, deletion of—807.14(a)
Initial examination to be complete—704.01; 1102-1102.04
Inquiry
by examining attorney—814
from Congressional office—1802
from member of press—1804
from third party regarding ex parte matter—1806
general inquiries from public—1805
letter of, with respect to suspended application—716.05
regarding status of pending matters—108-108.03; 1705.05
Insignia, refusal to register mark comprising—1204
Inspection of files on Office premises—109
“Insurance” extension of time to file statement of use—1108.03-1108.03(a)
Intent-to-use applications (see also Amendment to allege use; Notice of allowance; Request for extension of time to file statement of use; Statement of use)
allegation of use required prior to registration—1103
assignment of—501.01(a)
distinctiveness under §2(f)—1102.04; 1212.09; 1212.09(b)
initial examination of:
color marks—1202.05(h)
configuration—1202.02(e)
drawings—1102.02; 1104.09(f); 1109.12
for use as mark—704.01; 1102-1102.04
identification of goods/services—1104.09(c); 1108.02(d); 1109.13
ornamentation—1202.03(e)
publication of—1105
under §2(d)—1102.01
under §§1, 2(a), 2(b), 2(c), 2(e)—1102.01
statutory averments—804.02; 806.01(b); 1101
Supplemental Register—1102.03
Inter-American Convention—1001; App. B
Interference, petition to declare—1208.03-1208.03(c); 1507
“Internal inconsistencies,” amendment of drawing to cure not permitted—807.14(c)
International Alphabetical List—1401.02(c)
International applications for registration—1902-1902.07(f)
classification in—1902.02(g)-1902.02(g)(iii)
fee for—1902.02(i)
form for filing—1902.02(a)
irregularities in—1902.07
requirements for receipt in USPTO—1902.02
requirements for registration by IB—1902.05
certification of—1902.03
International Bureau—1900 (introductory text)
International fees—1903.02
International registrations—1901
application for—1902-1902.07(f)
as basis for §44 application—1016
cancellation of, by International Bureau—1904.08
central attack—1902.09
changes to—1906.01-1906.01(i)
date of—1902.04
in general—1901
invalidation—1904.07
renewal of—1905
International trademark agreements—1001; App. B
Internet domain names, marks comprising—1209.03(m); 1215-1215.10
Internet, evidence from—710.01(b)
Interview with applicant or attorney—709-709.06

J

Joint applicants

application by—803.03(d)
signature by—712.01(a)(i); 804.04
Joint venture
name of—803.03(b)
setting forth names and citizenship of joint venturers—803.03(b)
signature by—712.01(a)(iii); 804.04
state or country of organization—803.03(b)
Jurisdiction over application—1504-1504.05(a); 1904.02(h)
Jurisdiction, request for—1504.04(a)
Juristic person—803.01

L

Lanham Act (see Trademark Act of 1946)
Laudatory terms in marks—1209.03(k)
Legal advice, Office cannot render—108.02; 1801; 1805
Legal entity of applicant set forth in application—803.03; 803.03(i)
Letter of inquiry with respect to suspended application—716.05
Letter of protest in pending application (see Protest)
Letterhead stationery as specimen of service mark use—1301.04(c)
License agreements, recording of—503.02; 1906.01(h)
Licensees, use of mark by—1201.03(f)
Likelihood of confusion

actual confusion unnecessary—1207.01(d)(ii)
attack on registration improper in ex parte proceeding—1207.01(d)(iv)
between collective and other marks—1304.08(b)
classification not relevant—1207.01(d)(v)
consent between parties—1207.01(d)(viii)
design marks—1207.01(c)-1207.01(c)(iii)
doubt resolved in registrant’s favor—1207.01(d)(i)
famous mark—1207.01(d)(x)
foreign equivalents—1207.01(b)(vi)
legal equivalents—1207.01(c)(i)
meaning, similarity in—1207.01(b)(v)
no per se rule—1207.01(a)(iv)
parody marks—1207.01(b)(x)
past decisions of examining attorneys—1207.01(d)(vi); 1216-1216.02
related companies and—1201.07-1201.07(b)(iv)
relatedness of goods and/or services—1207.01(a)-1207.01(a)(vi)
reliance on identification of goods/services in application/registration—1207.01(a)(iii)
sophisticated purchasers—1207.01(d)(vii)
sound, similarity in—1207.01(b)(iv)
similarity of marks—1207.01(b)-1207.01(b)(x)
third-party registrations—1207.01(d)(iii)
transposition of terms—1207.01(b)(vii)
weak marks—1207.01(b)(ix)
Limited liability company—803.03(h)
signature by—712.01(a)(vii); 804.04
Lining statement—808.01(d)
Living individual—813; 1206.02; 1206.03-1206.03(b)
Loss of papers—305.02(f); 305.03; 1711; 1712.01; 1712.02

M

Madrid Protocol (See also Extension of protection of international registration to the United States; Registered extension of protection; §66(a) application)—Chapter 1900
Mail sent to USPTO related to trademarks—302.03(a); 302.03(b)
Manner of use of mark (see Method-of-use)
Mark drawing code—807.18
Material alteration —807.03(d); 807.14 - 807.14(d); 1604.13; 1609.02(a)
Material difference between mark on drawing and mark in foreign registration—807.12(a); 807.12(b); 1011.01
Meaning of term in mark, inquiry as to—808.01(c); 814
Membership mark (see Collective membership mark)
Mere descriptiveness (see Descriptiveness, mere)
Merger, documents of—503.02
Method-of-use —905
Minor as applicant—803.01
“Misspelled” words—1209.03(j); 1213.08(c)
Mistake in applicant’s name, correction of—1201.02(c)
Mistake in registration, correction of—1609.10-1609.10(b)
Model, style or grade designation—1202.10
More than one mark—202.01; 807.01
Motion, drawing of marks with—807.11
Moving goods/services between companion applications—1402.08
Multiple-class application (see Combined application)
Multiple copies of papers should not be filed—302.02
Multiple drawings—202.01; 807.01
Multiple filing bases—806.02-806.02(f)
Musical performer/group names—1202.09; 1202.09(a); 1301.02(b)
“Mutilation” of mark—807.12(d)

NAFTA (see North American Free Trade Agreement) 
Name of applicant, correcting mistake in—1201.02(c)
Names of artists and authors as marks—1202.09; 1202.09(a); 1206.01; 1301.02(b)
Name, portrait or signature as mark—813; 1206.01
National Archives and Records Administration—503.08
National symbols—1203.03; 1203.03(b); 1203.03(c); 1203.03(d)
Negative identification language—1402.06(a)
New certificate of registration, issuance to assignee—502.03
Non-English wording in mark, translation of—809-809.02(a)
Non-Latin characters in mark, transliteration of—809-809.02(a)
Non-lawyers—602; 707.01; 708.02; 712.01
Non-profit corporation—803.03(c)
Non-receipt of examining attorney’s Office action—717.02
Non-responsive communications—719
Nonuse of registered mark—1604.11
Non-visual marks—807.09
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)—1210; 1210.01(b); 1210.05(a); 1210.07(a); 1210.07(b); 1211; 1212; 1212.02(a)
Notice of abandonment—718.04; 718.06
Notice of allowance—1106-1106.04

action after issuance of (but before filing of Statement of use)—806.03(j)(ii); 1106.02; 1107
cancellation of—1106.03
correction of errors in —1106.04
information printed on—1106.01
issuance of—1106.01
non-receipt of—1714.01(c)
“Notice of incomplete trademark application”—204.01
Notice of irregularity of international application for registration, issued by the International Bureau—1902.07-1902.07(f)
Notice of publication—704.01
Notice, registration (see Registration notice)
Number of specimens—904.01

O

Office action (see also Action by examining attorney; Response to Office action; Provisional refusal)

non-receipt of—717.02
preparation of—705-705.08
remailing of—717
response period—310; 711-711.02
returned as undeliverable —403; 717.01
“Office Date” label—303.02(b)
Office personnel
not to express opinion on validity of registered mark—1801
not to give legal advice—108.02
not to testify—1801.01
Official Gazette (see also Trademark Official Gazette)—106; 1502; 1502.01
Old drawing, use in new application—807.19
“Olympic” and other designations protected under Amateur Sports Act of 19781205.01
One mark, application limited to—202.01; 807.01
Operating divisions—803.01
Opinion, Office personnel not to express—108.02; 1801
Opposition—1503-1503.06
extension of time to file—1503.04
to §66(a) application—1503.06
Order of examination—702.01
Order of work—702-702.02
Ordering abandoned application files—109.02; 718.07
Original document, filing of—302.01; 503.08
Ornamentation—1202.03-1202.03(g)
Owner of mark is proper party to apply—803.01; 1201
Ownership of application or registration—1201-1201.07
change of—501-501.06
establishing—502-502.03
recording change—503-503.05
§66(a) application—501.07; 502.02(b); 1904.06
Ownership of mark (see also Assignment; Applicant; Related Company; Ownership of application or registration)
automatic updating—504-504.05
change in, after application filed—501-501.06
inquiry by examining attorney with respect to—1201.04
refusal on basis of—1201.02(b)
related-company use—1201.03-1201.03(f)

P

Papers not returnable—404
Paris Convention—1001; 1002.03; 1002.04; 1205.01

article 6ter1205.02
Partial abandonment—718.02(a); 1402.13; 1403.05; 1904.03(d)
Partial assignment—501.06; 1110.08; 1615
Partners, setting forth names and citizenship of—803.03(b)
Partnership
address of—803.05
name of—803.02; 803.03(b)
signature by—712.01(a)(ii); 804.04
state or country of organization—803.02(b); 803.04
Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries—112
Payment refused or charged back by financial institution—405.06
Period for response
ending on Saturday, Sunday or federal holiday—308
how computed—310
may run from date of previous action—711.01
reset in examining attorney’s letter correcting error—711.02
statutory—711
Petition decisions available to public—110
Petition from examining attorney’s holding of abandonment—1713
Petition to cancel—1607
Petition to Director —1702; 1703; 1704; 1705-1705.09; 1706; 1707; 1708
after refusal of §8 affidavit—1604.18-1604.18(c);
after refusal of renewal—1606.14; 1606.14(c)
appeal to federal court from—1705.09
delegation of—1709
diligence—1705.05
evidence and proof of facts—1705.03
fee for—1705.02
petitionable matter—1704
procedure for—1705-1705.09
request for reconsideration of denial of—1705.08
signature of—1705.07
standard of review on—1706
standing—1705.01
stay of deadlines pending disposition of—1705.06
supervisory authority—1707
timeliness—1705.04
to amend basis after publication—806.03(j)-806.03(j)(ii)
to make special (see Petition to make “special”)
to reinstate abandoned applications—1712.01
to reinstate cancelled registrations—1712.02
to reverse examining attorney’s holding of abandonment—1713
to review denial of certification of international application—1902.03(a)
to review denial of filing date—1711
to revive (see Petition to revive)
to waive rules—1708
types of—1703
Petition to make “special”—1710-1710.02
basis for granting or denying—1710.01
fee for—1710
handling of—1710.02
must state facts justifying special action—1710.01
routing of—1710
Petition to revive abandoned application (see also Unintentional delay)
basis for granting—1714.01(e)
diligence with respect to—1705.05; 1714.01(d)
fee for—1710
request for reconsideration of denial of—1714.01(g)
requirements for filing—1714.01-1714.01(e)
time for filing of—1714.01(d)
unintentional delay, statement of—1714.01(e)
unintentional delay, where unintentional delay applies—1714.01(f)-1714.01(f)(ii)
Petitionable matter—1704
“Phantom” elements in marks—807.01; 1214-1214.04
Photocopies of documents, when acceptable for filing—302.01
Piecemeal action to be avoided—704.01
Portrait as mark —813; 1206
Postal Service, U.S., interruptions of—305.04
Postcard, acknowledgment—303.02(c)-303.02(c)(i)
Power of attorney—602.01-602.01(c)
associate—602.01(b)
change of —602.01(b); 602.04; 603.02(a)
filed after registration—602.01(c); 1612
relating to multiple application or registration—602.01(a)
revocation—602.04
Practice before Office in trademark matters—602
Predecessor in title, first use of mark by—903.06
Preparation of case for publication or registration—817
President of United States, deceased—1206.02; 1206.03
Press, inquiries from members of—1804
Previous examining attorney, examination approach of—713.01
Principal Register
advantages of registration on—801.02(a)
applications for registration on—801.02(a)
registration on Supplemental Register may not be amended to—1609.09
Printing of information in Official Gazette and on registration certificate—817
Prior registrations of applicant
effect of—1216-1216.02
identification of, in application—812
“incontestability”—1216.02
not controlling—1216.01
printing of claim of—812; 817
proving ownership of—812.01
refusal under §2(d) with respect to—812.01
Prior trademark acts (see also Act of 1881; Act of 1905; Act of 1920)
registrations issued under—1601.04; 1601.05; 1602.02; 1602.03
repeal of—1601.02
reregistration of marks registered under—1601.03
Priority action
combined with examiner’s amendment—708.05
defined—708.01
elements of—708.01
form of—708.03
when appropriate—708.02
Priority, constructive use—201.02
Priority for publication or issue based on effective filing date—201.01; 1003.05
Priority claim in application for international registration—1902.05
Priority claim in request for protection of international registration to the United States—206.02; 1904.01(e)
Priority claim in §44(d) application
abandonment of foreign application—1003.08
amendment of basis, priority filing date retained—806.03(h); 806.04(b)
assignment of §44(d) application—1006
basis for registration required—1003.03
bona fide intention to use mark in commerce must be asserted—806.01(c); 806.02(e); 1003; 1008
combined with other bases—806.02(f)
effect of failing to file within six months—1003.02
effective filing date of—206.02; 1003.05
eligible applicants—1002.02
establishing entitlement under a treaty—1002.02; 1002.03; 1002.04
“first-filed” requirement—1003.01
identification of goods/services—1012; 1402.01(b)
may also rely on §44(e)—1003.06
more than one foreign application—1003.07
must be filed within six months of foreign filing—806.03(b); 1003.02
not limited to country of origin—1002.04
ownership of foreign application—1005
priority for publication of—201.01; 1003.05
requirements for §44(d) filing basis—806.01(c)
retention of priority filing date without perfect §44(e) basis—806.04(b); 806.03(h)
requirements for receiving a filing date—202
suspension pending receipt of foreign registration—716.02(b); 1003.04
use not required—1009
valid basis for registration in United States required—1003.03
Process, system or method—1301.02(e)
Protest, Letter of—1715-1715.07
adversarial arguments inappropriate —1715.01
appropriate subjects to be raised—1715.01-1715.01(b)
approval of application for publication after grant of—1715.05
does not extend opposition period—1715.03(b)
filed after publication—1715.03
filed after registration—1715.03(a)
filed before publication—1715.02
petition to review denial of—1715.06
recourse after denial of—1715.06
requests for copies of—1715.07
timely filing of—1715.03(a)
Provisional refusal of 66(a) applications—1904.02(e); 1904.03
PTDL (see Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries)
Publication for opposition
amendments after—806.03(j)-806.03(j)(ii); 1505-1505.02(d)
notice of—704.01
of mark in intent-to-use application—1105
Publications, marks for
columns or sections, marks that identify—1202.07-1202.07(b)
identification of goods—1402.03(e)
specimens for—904.02(d)

R

Reasonable time between signing and filing papers—804.03; 1104.09(b); 1108.02(b); 1109.05(a); 1109.11(c)
Receipt date placed on all correspondence filed—303.02(b)
Receipt, filing—401.01
Receipt, of documents by Office—303-303.02(c)
Receipt, postcard—303.02(c)
Reciprocal registration rights—1002.03
Reconsideration after final action—715.03-715.03(c)
Reconsideration of Board decision, request for, by examining attorney—1501.07
Reconsideration of holding of abandonment—718.03(c)
Reconsideration of decision on petition—1705.08
Recordation date—503.05
Recorded documents (see also Assignment, recordation of)

correction of errors—503.06-503.06(f)
effect of—503.01
indexing against, not permitted—503.07
original documents should not be submitted for recording—503.03(b)
requests for copies of—503.08
requirements—503.03-503.04
searching—104; 503.08
Refund of fees—405.04
for informal application—204.01
Refusal, final (see Final refusal)
Refusal of registration
amendment to Supplemental Register after—714.05(a)(i); 816.04; 1209.02
as to fewer than all classes in combined application—1403.05
based on inadequate response to request for additional information—814
deceptive matter—1203.02-1203.02(b); 1210.05(a)-1210.05(b)(ii); 1210.06(b)
descriptiveness—1209.02
disparagement—1203.03(c); 1203.03(d)
duplicate registrations—703
false suggestion of a connection—1203.03(e); 1203.03(f)
flag, coat of arms or insignia—1204
functionality—1202.02(a)-1202.02(a)(v)(C)
generic names—1209.01(c)-1209.01(c)(iii)
geographic descriptiveness—1210-1210.09
geographic misdescriptiveness—1210.01(b); 1210.05(a)-1210.05(b)(ii); 1210.06(b)
immoral or scandalous matter—1203.01
in §66(a) application—711.02; 714.05(b); 1904.03; 1904.03(e); 1904.04
likelihood of confusion (see also Likelihood of confusion)—1207-1207.03
matter protected by statute—1205-1205.02
name, portrait or signature of living individual or deceased United States president without consent—813; 1206-1206.03(b)
nondistinctive configuration—1202.02(b)-1202.02(b)(ii)
of request for extension of protection of international registration—711.02; 714.05(b); 1904.03; 1904.03(e); 1904.04
ornamentation—1202.03-1202.03(g)
ownership (see Ownership of mark)
res judicata—1217
surname, primarily merely a—1211-1211.02(b)(vi)
trade name—1202.01
use as a service mark—1301.02-1301.02(e)
use as a trademark—1202-1202.15
use in commerce—901.04
Register (see Principal Register; Supplemental Register)
Register indicated on certificate of registration—1601.07
Registered extension of protection of international registration to the United States (See also Extension of protection of international registration to the United States; Section 66(a))
affidavit of continued use or excusable nonuse—1613; 1904.11
affidavit of incontestability—1605.01; 1904.11
amendment of identification of goods/services—1609.01; 1904.02(b); 1906.01(i)
amendment of mark not permitted—1609.02; 1904.02(g); 1906.01(i)
assignability of—501.01(b)
assignee, issuance of registration certificate in name of—503
assignment of—501.01(b); 501.07; 502.01; 502.03; 503.05; 503.03(a); 1904.06; 1906.01(a)-1906.01(a)(iii)
cancellation of, by IB—1904.08
cannot be amended under §7—1609.01(a)
certificate of registration—1904.05
certificate of registration, issuance in name of new owner—502.03
classification of goods and services—1609.04; 1904.02(b)
constructive use—1904.01(g)
correction of errors—1906.01(f)
dividing—1615.02
establishing right to take action—502.01
identification of goods and services—1609.01; 1904.02(b); 1906.01(i)
incontestability, affidavit of—1605.01; 1904.11
invalidation of—1904.07
issuance of registration certificate in name of new owner—502.03
jurisdiction—1504.04; 1904.02(h)
mark cannot be amended—1609.02; 1904.02(g); 1906.01(i)
ownership, in general—501; 502; 1201; 1904.06
ownership, change of—501.01(b); 501.07; 502.01; 502.03; 503.05; 503.03(a); 1904.06; 1906.01(a)-1906.01(a)(iii)
recording change of ownership—503.05; 1904.06; 1906.01(a)-1906.01(a)(iii)
remains part of international registration—1904.05
renewal of—1602.01; 1606.01(b); 1614; 1905
replacement—1616; 1904.12
transformation of—1904.09-1904.09(b)
Registration, amendment of mark in—1609.02-1609.02(c)
Registration as correct type of mark—1307
Registration certificate (see Certificate of registration)
Registration, division of—1615-1615.02
Registration notice
improper use of—906.02
provided for in 15 U.S.C. §1111906
symbolizing foreign registration—906.01
Registration, reinstatement of registration cancelled or expired due to Office error—1712.02
Reinstatement of inadvertently abandoned application—1712.01
Reinstatement of registrations cancelled or expired due to Office error—1712.02
Related applications (see also Companion applications; Conflicting applications)—702.03-702.03(b)
Related company
common stockholders, directors, officers—1201.03(d)
control with respect to use by—1201.03
definition of—1201.03
first use of mark by—903.06
licensees and franchisees—1201.03(f)
reference to, in §1(b) applicant—1201.03(a)
sister corporations—1201.03(e)
use by—903.06; 1201.03-1201.03(f)
use solely by—1201.03(a)
wholly-owned—1201.03(c)
Remailing of Office action—717-717.02
Remand to examining attorney from Trademark Trial and Appeal Board—1504.05; 1504.05(a)
Renewal (see also Renewal, application for)
of international registrations—1602.01; 1606.01(b); 1614; 1905
of registered extension of protection—1602.01; 1606.01(b); 1614; 1905
of registrations issued under Act of 19201602.03; 1606-1606.15
of registrations issued under Act of 19461606-1606.15
of registrations issued under Acts of 1881 and 19051602.02; 1606-1606.15
Renewal, application for—1606-1606.15
appeal to federal court—1606.15
by owner of international registration—1602.01; 1606.01(b); 1614; 1905
by registrant not domiciled in United States—1606.10
combined with §8 affidavit—1606.16
deficiencies, correction of—1606.05(b); 1606.13-1606.13(c)
domestic representative, designation of —1606.10
execution of—1606.07
fee for filing—1606.05-1606.05(c)
form for filing—1606.04
goods and services set forth in—1606.08-1606.08(d)
grace period—1606.05(b); 1606.03
Office action upon examination of—1606.11
ownership and who may file—1606.06
petition to Director—1606.14-1606.14(c)
premature filing of—1606.03(a)
recourse after refusal—1606.14-1606.14(c)
requirements for—1606.04
signature of—1606.07
specimen not required—1606.09
term of—1602-1602.03
time for filing—1606.03; 1606.03(a)
untimely filing cannot be cured—1712.02; 1606.13(c)
use, declaration of use not required—1606.09
who may file—1606.06
Repeal of prior trademark acts—1601.02
Replacement—1616; 1904.12
Reply brief in ex parte appeal—1501.02(a)
Representation by attorney or other authorized individual—602
Reproduction of mark (See Drawing)
Request for extension of protection of international registration to the United States (See Extension of protection of international registration to the United States; Registered extension of protection of international registration to the United States; Section 66(a))
Request for extension of time to file statement of use—1108-1108.05
bona fide intention to use the mark in commerce—1101; 1108.02(e)
fee for filing—1108.02(c)
filing in conjunction with or after statement of use—1108.03-1108.03(a)
form for filing—1108
good cause for—1108.02(f)
identifying goods/services in—1108.02(d)
minimum filing requirements—1108.04
ownership—1108.02(a)
recourse after denial—1108.04; 1108.05
requirements (of 37 C.F.R. §2.89) for—1108.02-1108.02(f)
time for filing—1108.01
verification—1108.02(b)
Request for extension of time to oppose—1503.04
Request for information from applicant—814
Request to divide —1110-1110.07
division of application—1110-1110.07
division of application subject to Board proceeding—1110.06
division of application under §44—1110.07
division of application under §66(a)—1110.08
division of multiple class application—1110.05; 1403.03
division of registration—1613
fee for—1110.02
time for filing—1110.01
when statement of use is due—1110.04
when response to Office action is due—1110.05
Reregistration of marks registered under prior acts—1601.03
Res judicata—1217
Resignation of examining attorney—702.01
Response to IB notice of irregularity of international application for registration—1902.07; 1902.07(f)
Response to Office action
deadline for—310; 711-711.02
persons who can sign—712.01-712.01(a)(vii)
signature of—712-712.01(a)(vii)
signed by unauthorized party—602.03; 712.03
unsigned—712.02
Restoration of filing date—1711
Restriction of holder’s right to dispose of international registration—1906.01(b)
Return of application materials not entitled to a filing date—204.01
Returned correspondence—403; 717.01
Revival (see Petition to revive abandoned application)
Revocation of power of attorney—602.04

S

Scandalous matter (see Immoral or scandalous matter)
Scent as mark—807.09; 1202.13
Scope of identification of goods/services for purposes of amendment—1402.07-1402.07(e)
Search, by examining attorney—704.02; 718.08
“Search clause”—704.02
Search library, trademark—104
Search of trademark applications and registrations—104
Search room, trademark assignment—104; 503.08
Secondary meaning (see Acquired distinctiveness (§2(f)) claim)
Secondary source—1202.03(c)
Section 2(f) claim (see Acquired distinctiveness (§2(f)) claim)
Section 8 affidavit (see Affidavit of continued use or excusable nonuse (§8))
Section 15 affidavit (see Affidavit of incontestability)
Section 44 (see also Foreign registration, application based on ownership of; Priority under §44(d), application claiming)

applications for Supplemental Register under—1014
assignment of applications under—1006
claim of acquired distinctiveness in application under—1010
eligible applicants, under—1002-1002.05
international trademark agreements implemented by—1001
sections of publications, marks that identify—1202.07-1202.07(b)
Section 66(a) application (see also Extension of protection of international registration to the United States; Registered extension of protection of international registration to the United States)
amendment to Supplemental Register not permitted—801.02(b); 815; 816.01; 816.04; 1904.02(c)
amendment of identification of goods/services—1402.01(c); 1609.01; 1904.02(b); 1906.01(i)
amendment of mark not permitted—807.13(b); 1904.02(g); 1906.01(i)
assignability of—501.01(b)
assignee, issuance of registration certificate in name of—502.02(b)
assignment of—501.01(b); 501.07; 502.01; 502.02(b); 503.05; 503.03(a); 1904.06; 1906.01(a)-1906.01(a)(iii)
basis—806.01(e); 806.03(k); 1505.01(f); 1904.01(a)
cancellation of, by IB—1904.08
cannot be based on USPTO application—1904.01(h)
certificate of registration—1904.05
certificate of registration, issuance in name of new owner—502.02(b)
claim of acquired distinctiveness—1212.08
classification of goods and services—1401.03(d); 1403.02; 1403.02(b); 1403.02(c); 1505.01(b); 1904.02(b)
concurrent use registration permitted—1207.04(b)
constructive use—1904.01(g)
correction of errors—1906.01(f)
correspondence address—603.01(a); 1904.02(f)
declaration of intent to use required—804.06; 1904.01(c)
dividing—1110.08
drawing—202.10; 807.03(b); 807.03(g); 807.03(h); 807.07(b); 807.12(c); 807.13(b)
establishing right to take action—502.01
examination of—1904.02-1904.02(h)
express abandonment of—718.01
filing basis—806.01(e); 806.03(k); 1505.01(f); 1904.01(a)
filing date—201; 202; 203; 1904.01(b)
filing fee—202.03; 810; 810.01; 1401.05(b); 1904.01(f)
filing receipt—401.01
identification of goods and services—1402.01(c); 1904.02(b); 1906.01(i)
invalidation of—1904.07
issuance of registration certificate in name of new owner—502.02(b)
jurisdiction—1504.04; 1904.02(h)
mark cannot be amended—807.13(b); 1904.02(g); 1906.01(i)
must be filed by holder of international registration—1201
notice of refusal—1904.03-1904.03(e); 1904.04
Office actions, issuing—1904.02(e)
opposition—1503.01; 1503.06; 1504.02; 1504.05(a); 1904.04
ownership, in general—501; 502; 1201; 1904.06
ownership, change of—501.01(b); 501.07; 502.01; 502.02(b); 503.05; 503.03(a); 1904.06; 1906.01(a)-1906.01(a)(iii)
priority claim—206.02; 1904.01(e)
recording change of ownership—503.05; 1904.06; 1906.01(a)-1906.01(a)(iii)
remains part of international registration—1904.05
remand—1504.02; 1504.05(a)
refusal of—711.02; 714.05(b); 1904.03; 1904.03(e); 1904.04
renewal of—1602.01; 1606.01(b); 1614; 1905
replacement—1616; 1904.12
signature—804.04; 804.06; 1904.01(c)
Supplemental Register, amendment to not a new issue—714.05(a)(i)
Supplemental Register, not registrable on—801.02(b); 815; 816.01; 816.04; 1904.02(c)
transformation of—1904.09-1904.09(b)
use not required—901; 1904.01(d)
verification—804; 804.04; 804.06; 1904.01(c)
Section 71 affidavit—16131; 1904.11
Security interest agreements, recording of—503.02
Serial number—401.02
Series code—401.02
Service mark
character or personal name—1301.02(b)
definition of—1301
informational matter—1301.02(a)
matter that does not function as—1301.02(a)
menu item for restaurant—1301.02(a)
ornamental matter—1301.02(a)
process, system or method—1301.02(e)
product used in performing service—1301.02(a)
radio and television program, title of—1301.02(d)
specimens of use—1301.04-1301.04(d)
system, process or method—1301.02(e)
three-dimensional—1301.02(c)
what is a—1301.02-1301.02(e)
Service, what is a—1301.01-1301.01(b)(v)
contests and promotional activities—1301.01(b)(i)
criteria for determining what constitutes—1301.01(a)-1301.01(a)(iii)
informational services ancillary to sale of goods—1301.01(b)(v)
investment, soliciting—1301.01(b)(iv)
promotional services—1215.02(b); 1301.01(b)(i)
publishing—1301.01(b)(iii)
warranty or guarantee of repair—1301.01(b)(ii)
Services
identification of—1402.11-1402.11(e)
classification of—1401.02(a)
Shape as mark
background designs and shapes as mark—1202.11
product and container configurations—1202.02(a)-1202.02(b)(ii)
Signature (see also Verification)
as certification—602.02(a)
date of—804.03; 1104.09(b); 1108.02(b); 1109.05(a); 1109.11(c)
of applicant (see also Verification of application)
by association—712.01(a)(vi); 804.04
by corporation—712.01(a)(iv); 804.04
by foreign corporate-type entity—712.01(a)(v); 804.04
by joint applicants—712.01(a)(i); 804.04
by joint venture—712.01(a)(iii); 804.04
by limited liability company—712.01(a)(vii); 804.04
by partnership—712.01(a)(ii); 804.04
by someone other than applicant or applicant’s attorney—603.04
persons who can sign verification on behalf of applicant—804.04
of application for registration, persons who can sign—804.04
of electronically-filed documents—804.05
of petition—1705.07
of response to Office action—712-712.01(a)(vii)
of TEAS document—804.05
original—302.01
“Single source” (related companies)—1201.07-1201.07(b)(iv)
Single creative work, title of—1202.08; 1301.02(d)
Size of mark on drawing —807.06(a)
Slogans
disclaimers with respect to—1213.05(b)
registrability of—1202.03(f)(i); 1202.04
Sole proprietorship as applicant—803.03(a)
Sound marks—807.09; 904.02(a); 1202.15
“Special” applications (see also Petition to make “special”)—702.02
Special-form drawing—807.04-807.04(b)
also referred to as “ink drawing”—807.04-807.04(b)
characteristics of—807.04(a)
correction of—807.15; 807.16
size limitations for—807.06(a)
when required—807.04(b)
Specimens
affidavit of use of—904.09
agreement with mark on drawing—807.12(a); 1215.02(c)
bulky—904.03
catalogs as—904.06(a)
certification mark—1306.06(c)
collective membership mark—1304.09(c)
collective trademark and collective service mark—1303.02(b)
deferral of examination in multi-basis application—806.02(c)
displays—904.06
electronic displays—904.06(b)
electronically transmitted—904.02(a); 1104.09(e); 1109.09(b); 1604.12(b)
facsimiles—904.08
for amendment to allege use—1104.09(e)
for color marks—904.02(c); 1202.05(f)
for combined application—1403.01
for computer programs, movies or videotapes—904.04(d)
for downloadable software—904.04(d)
labels—904.04(a)
multi-class application—904.09; 1403.01; 1403.02(b); 1402.03(c)
for publications—904.02(d)
for statement of use—1109.09(b)
musical score, in TEAS application—904.02(a); 1212.15
number of—904.01
package inserts—904.07
paper—904.02(b)
parties named on-Office no longer inquires as to relationship with applicant—1201.04
physical form of—904.02
service mark—1301.04-1301.04(d)
substitute (see Substitute specimens)
temporary—904.04(a)
trademark—904.04-904.04(d)
translation of matter on—904.10
use, affidavit of—904.09
Standard character drawings—807.03-807.03(i)
and foreign registration—807.03(f)
and specimen of use—807.03(e)
changing to or from special form may be material alteration—807.03(d)
combined with other elements—807.03(c)
format unclear—807.03(h)
in §44 application—807.03(f)
list of—807.03(b)
requirements for—807.03(a)
Standard character list—807.03(b)
Statement of use
approval of—1109.18
classification, amendment of—1109.14
clear-error standard in examining—1109.08
correcting defects—1109.16-1109.16(d)
date of execution—1109.11(c)
dates of use—1109.09(a)
drawing—1109.12
examination of, —1109.07; 1109.08
execution of —1109.11-1109.11(d)
extension of time to file (see Request for extension of time to file statement of use)
failure to file within time permitted—718.04; 1109.04
fee for filing—1109.15; 1109.15(a)
form of—1109.05
identification of goods/services in—1109.13
may not be withdrawn—1109.17
minimum requirements for—1109.01
minimum requirements, review for compliance with—1109.02
necessary elements of—1109.06
ownership—1109.10
response to Office action—1109.16(d)
requirements for—1109.06
signature of—804.04; 1109.11-1109.11(d)
specimens for—1109.09(b)
time for filing—1109.04
use on all goods/services required before filing—1109.03
use in commerce—1109.09
verification of—804.04; 1109.11-1109.11(c)
withdrawal prohibited—1109.17
Status inquiries—108 
Internet information—108.01
Personal telephone assistance—108.02
Statutory authority for examination—701
Statutory averments in application for registration—804.02
Stippling on drawing—808.01(d)
Subpoena received by Office employee—1801.01
Subsequent designations—1902.08
Substitute drawing—807.15
Substitute specimens
affidavit supporting—904.09
for amendment to allege use—1104.09(e)
for statement of use—1109.09(b)
may require amendment of dates of use—904.09
requirements for substitute specimens and statutory refusals—904.11
Supervisory authority of Director—1707
Supplemental Register
allegation of use examined before action taken on amendment to—1102.03
amendment of application to—816-816.05
applications for—815-815.05
approval for registration on—815.03
intent-to-use applications—1102.03
marks eligible for Principal Register not registrable on—815.01
not an admission that mark has not acquired distinctiveness—815.04
request for extension of protection of international registration, not eligible—801.02(b); 815; 816.01; 816.04; 1904.02(c)
Surname, primarily merely a—1211-1211.02(b)(vi)
combined with additional matter—1211.01(b)-1211.01(b)(vii)
combined with domain name—1211.01(b)(vii); 1215.03
combined with initials—1211.01(b)(iii)
combined with title—1211.01(b)(iv)
double surname—1211.01(b)(i)
evidence supporting refusal—1211.02-1211.02(b)(vi)
geographical significance—1211.01(a)(iii)
historical place or person—1211.01(a)(iv)
“look and feel” of a surname—1211.01(a)(vi)
negative dictionary evidence—1211.02(b)(v)
non-surname significance—1211.01(a)-1211.01(a)(vi)
ordinary language meaning—1211.01(a)(i)
phonetic equivalent—1211.01(a)(ii)
plural—1211.01(b)(v)
possessive—1211.01(b)(v)
rare—1211.01(a)(v)
stylization—1211.01(b)(ii)
telephone directory listings
Surrender of registration for cancellation—1608
Suspended cases checked by examining attorney—716.04
Suspension of action by Office
after final action—716.06
circumstances where appropriate—716.02-716.02(e)
letter of inquiry regarding—716.05
notice of—716.01
pending cancellation or expiration of cited registration—716.02(e)
pending decision on petition not permitted—716.02; 1705.06
pending disposition of earlier-filed application—716.02(c)
pending receipt of foreign registration—716.02(b); 1003.04
pending receipt of proof of renewal of foreign registration—716.02(b); 1004.01(a)
request to remove—716.03
Suspension, removal of application from—716.03; 716.06

T

Taiwan, understanding with the United States—App. B
TAC (Trademark Assistance Center)—108.02
TARR database—108.01
Tax-exempt corporation—803.03(c)
TDR (Trademark Document Retrieval)—109.01; 402
TEAS (see Electronic filing)
Telephone numbers—1209.03(l)
Telescoped words—1213.05(a)(i)
Temporary specimens—904.04(a)
“Ten-year proviso” of §5 of Act of 19051601.04
Territorial commerce—901.03
TESS (Trademark Electronic Search System)—104
Testimony, requests for, referred to Office of General Counsel—1801.01
Third parties, inquires from regarding ex parte matters—1806
Third party registrations

evidence of—710.03
relevance in determining descriptiveness—1209.03(a)
relevance in determining likelihood of confusion—1207.01(d)(iii)
Three-dimensional marks—807.10; 1202.02-1202.02(e); 1301.02(c)
TICRS—109.02; 402
Time between execution and filing —804.03; 1104.09(b); 1108.02(b)1109.05(a); 1109.11(c)
Title of a single creative work—1202.08; 1301.02(d)
Titles or degrees—1304.08(c); 1306.03; 1306.06(a)
Trade dress—1202.02; 1202.02(b)-1202.02(f); 1202.03; 1202.03(f)(iii)
Trade name—1202.01
Trademark Act of 1946
claiming benefits of, under §12(c)—1603-1603.03
duration of registrations under—1602.01
effective date of—1601.02
Trademark assignment, searching —503.08
Trademark Assistance Center—108.02
Trademark, definition of—1202
Trademark Document Retrieval (TDR)—109.01; 402
Trademark Image Capture and Retrieval System (TICRS)—109.02; 402
Trademark Law Revision Act of 1988816.02; 901.02; 1303.01; 1602.01
Trademark Law Treaty Implementation Act, changes to requirements for maintaining a registration—1602.04
Trademark Official Gazette
contents of—106
notification of errors in—1502.01
publication in—1502
Trademark searching—104
Trademark Trial and Appeal Board
appeal to—1501-1501.04
jurisdiction of—1504.02
opposition proceedings before—1503-1503.05
Transfer of old drawing to new application—807.19
Transformation (see Extension of protection of international registration to the United States)
Translation
approval of—809.02(a)
equivalency in—809.01
of dead languages—809; 1207.01(b)(vi); 1209.03(g)
of document submitted for recording in Assignment Division—503.03(c)
of foreign registration—1004.01(b)
of idiomatic expressions—809; 809.01
of matter on specimens—904.10
of non-English wording in mark—809-809.02(a)
printing of—809.02; 817
Transliteration of non-Latin characters in mark—809-809.02(a)
Treaty or convention relating to trademarks—1001; 1002.03; App. B
TRIPS (Trade Related Intellectual Property portions of General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade)—1210.08; App. B
Trust as owner of mark—803.03(e); 803.03(e)(i)
Type of commerce—901.03; 903.03
Type of mark, registration in correct category—1307
Types of applications—801-801.02(b)
Types of marks—1300 introductory text
Types of registrations—1601-1601.06

U

U.S. Postal Service, interruptions of—305.04
Unintentional delay

petition based on—1714.01(e); 1714.01(f)-1714.01(f)(ii)
statement of—1714.01(e)
where unintentional delay applies—1714.01(f)-1714.01(f)(ii)
United States Patent and Trademark Office
reorganization of—1701
World Wide Web Site—102
Unity of control—1201.07-1201.07(b)(iv)
Unpublished decisions—705.05
Unsigned response to Office action—712.02
Uruguay Round Agreements—1210.08; App. B
Use in commerce
assertion of—901
bona fide use in ordinary course of trade—901.02
commerce that may be lawfully regulated by Congress—901.03
current, asserted in §1(a) application—901
date of first—903.02
definition of—901.01
not required in §44 application—901; 1009
not required in §66(a) application—901; 1904.01(d)
solely by related company—903.06; 1201.03(a)
Use of mark
bona fide use in ordinary course of trade—901.02
by applicant—1201.01
by licensee—1201.03(f)
by predecessor in title—903.06
by related company—903.06; 1201.03-1201.03(f)
in commerce (see Use in commerce)
solely by related company—1201.03(a)

V

Varietal names—1202.12
Verification of application (see also Signature)—804-804.05

declaration in lieu of oath—804.01(b)
defective—804.01(a); 804.01(b); 804.02
electronic—804.05
in a foreign country—804.01(a)(i)
not required for receipt of filing date—804
persons who can sign—804.04
of §66(a) application—804; 804.06; 1904.01(c)
of TEAS document—804.05
under 28 U.S.C. §1746804.01(b)
with oath—804.01(a)

W

Waiver of rules, on petition—1708
Warehouse storage

access by public to files in—109.02
of registration files—109.02
Who may practice before Office in trademark matters—602
Wines/spirits, misleading indication of origin of—1210.08
Withdrawal of attorney, permissive—602.05
Withdrawal of authorization to represent—602.04
Withdrawal of refusal or requirement after appeal—1501.03
World Intellectual Property Organization—1401.02(a); 1900 (introductory text)
World Trade Organization—App. B
Written application, form for filing—802