37 CFR 41.12: Citation of authority

Taken from the Ninth Edition of the MPEP, Revision 07.2015, Last Revised in November 2015

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41.12    Citation of authority.

  • (a) For any United States Supreme Court decision, citation to the United States Reports is preferred.
  • (b) For any decision other than a United States Supreme Court decision, citation to the West Reporter System is preferred.
  • (c) Citations to authority must include pinpoint citations whenever a specific holding or portion of an authority is invoked.
  • (d) Non-binding authority should be used sparingly. If the authority is not an authority of the Office and is not reproduced in the United States Reports or the West Reporter System, a copy of the authority should be provided.
[Added, 69 FR 49959, Aug. 12, 2004, effective Sept. 13, 2004; revised, 76 FR 72270, Nov. 22, 2011, effective Jan. 23, 2012]