SEC. 10. FEE SETTING AUTHORITY.
(a) FEE SETTING.--
(1) IN GENERAL.--The Director may set or adjust by rule any fee established, authorized, or charged under title 35, United States Code, or the Trademark Act of 1946 (15 U.S.C. 1051 et seq.), for any services performed by or materials furnished by, the Office, subject to paragraph (2).
(2) FEES TO RECOVER COSTS.--Fees may be set or adjusted under paragraph (1) only to recover the aggregate estimated costs to the Office for processing, activities, services, and materials relating to patents (in the case of patent fees) and trademarks (in the case of trademark fees), including administrative costs of the Office with respect to such patent or trademark fees (as the case may be).
(b) SMALL AND MICRO ENTITIES.--The fees set or adjusted under subsection (a) for filing, searching, examining, issuing, appealing, and maintaining patent applications and patents shall be reduced by 50 percent with respect to the application of such fees to any small entity that qualifies for reduced fees under Section 41(h)(1) of title 35, United States Code, and shall be reduced by 75 percent with respect to the application of such fees to any micro entity as defined in section 123 of that title (as added by subsection (g) of this section).
(c) REDUCTION OF FEES IN CERTAIN FISCAL YEARS.--In each fiscal year, the Director--
(1) shall consult with the Patent Public Advisory Committee and the Trademark Public Advisory Committee on the advisability of reducing any fees described in subsection (a); and
(2) after the consultation required under paragraph (1), may reduce such fees.
(d) ROLE OF THE PUBLIC ADVISORY COMMITTEE.--The Director shall--
(1) not less than 45 days before publishing any proposed fee under subsection (a) in the Federal Register, submit the proposed fee to the Patent Public Advisory Committee or the Trademark Public Advisory Committee, or both, as appropriate;
(2)(A) provide the relevant advisory committee described in paragraph (1) a 30–day period following the submission of any proposed fee, in which to deliberate, consider, and comment on such proposal;
(B) require that, during that 30–day period, the relevant advisory committee hold a public hearing relating to such proposal; and
(C) assist the relevant advisory committee in carrying out that public hearing, including by offering the use of the resources of the Office to notify and promote the hearing to the public and interested stakeholders;
(3) require the relevant advisory committee to make available to the public a written report setting forth in detail the comments, advice, and recommendations of the committee regarding the proposed fee; and
(4) consider and analyze any comments, advice, or recommendations received from the relevant advisory committee before setting or adjusting (as the case may be) the fee.
(e) PUBLICATION IN THE FEDERAL REGISTER.--
(1) PUBLICATION AND RATIONALE.--The Director shall--
(A) publish any proposed fee change under this section in the Federal Register;
(B) include, in such publication, the specific rationale and purpose for the proposal, including the possible expectations or benefits resulting from the proposed change; and
(C) notify, through the Chair and Ranking Member of the Committees on the Judiciary of the Senate and the House of Representatives, the Congress of the proposed change not later than the date on which the proposed change is published under subparagraph (A).
(2) PUBLIC COMMENT PERIOD.--The Director shall, in the publication under paragraph (1), provide the public a period of not less than 45 days in which to submit comments on the proposed change in fees.
(3) PUBLICATION OF FINAL RULE.--The final rule setting or adjusting a fee under this section shall be published in the Federal Register and in the Official Gazette of the Patent and Trademark Office.
(4) CONGRESSIONAL COMMENT PERIOD.--A fee set or adjusted under subsection (a) may not become effective--
(A) before the end of the 45–day period beginning on the day after the date on which the Director publishes the final rule adjusting or setting the fee under paragraph (3); or
(B) if a law is enacted disapproving such fee.
(5) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.--Rules prescribed under this section shall not diminish--
(A) the rights of an applicant for a patent under title 35, United States Code, or for a mark under the Trademark Act of 1946; or
(B) any rights under a ratified treaty.
(f) RETENTION OF AUTHORITY.--The Director retains the authority under subsection (a) to set or adjust fees only during such period as the Patent and Trademark Office remains an agency within the Department of Commerce.
(g) MICRO ENTITY DEFINED.--
(1) IN GENERAL.--Chapter 11 of title 35, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
“§ 123. Micro entity defined
“(a) IN GENERAL.--For purposes of this title, the term ‘micro entity’ means an applicant who makes a certification that the applicant--
“(1) qualifies as a small entity, as defined in regulations issued by the Director;
“(2) has not been named as an inventor on more than 4 previously filed patent applications, other than applications filed in another country, provisional applications under section 111(b), or international applications filed under the treaty defined in section 351(a) for which the basic national fee under section 41(a) was not paid;
“(3) did not, in the calendar year preceding the calendar year in which the applicable fee is being paid, have a gross income, as defined in section 61(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, exceeding 3 times the median household income for that preceding calendar year, as most recently reported by the Bureau of the Census; and
“(4) has not assigned, granted, or conveyed, and is not under an obligation by contract or law to assign, grant, or convey, a license or other ownership interest in the application concerned to an entity that, in the calendar year preceding the calendar year in which the applicable fee is being paid, had a gross income, as defined in section 61(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, exceeding 3 times the median household income for that preceding calendar year, as most recently reported by the Bureau of the Census.
“(b) APPLICATIONS RESULTING FROM PRIOR EMPLOYMENT.--An applicant is not considered to be named on a previously filed application for purposes of subsection (a)(2) if the applicant has assigned, or is under an obligation by contract or law to assign, all ownership rights in the application as the result of the applicant's previous employment.
“(c) FOREIGN CURRENCY EXCHANGE RATE.--If an applicant's or entity's gross income in the preceding calendar year is not in United States dollars, the average currency exchange rate, as reported by the Internal Revenue Service, during that calendar year shall be used to determine whether the applicant's or entity's gross income exceeds the threshold specified in paragraphs (3) or (4) of subsection (a).
“(d) INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION.--For purposes of this section, a micro entity shall include an applicant who certifies that--
“(1) the applicant's employer, from which the applicant obtains the majority of the applicant's income, is an institution of higher education as defined in section 101(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001(a)); or
“(2) the applicant has assigned, granted, conveyed, or is under an obligation by contract or law, to assign, grant, or convey, a license or other ownership interest in the particular applications to such an institution of higher education.
“(e) DIRECTOR'S AUTHORITY.--In addition to the limits imposed by this section, the Director may, in the Director's discretion, impose income limits, annual filing limits, or other limits on who may qualify as a micro entity pursuant to this section if the Director determines that such additional limits are reasonably necessary to avoid an undue impact on other patent applicants or owners or are otherwise reasonably necessary and appropriate. At least 3 months before any limits proposed to be imposed pursuant to this subsection take effect, the Director shall inform the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives and the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate of any such proposed limits.”.
(2) CONFORMING AMENDMENT.--Chapter 11 of title 35, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new item:
“123. Micro entity defined.”.
(h) ELECTRONIC FILING INCENTIVE.--
(1) IN GENERAL.--Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, an additional fee of $400 shall be established for each application for an original patent, except for a design, plant, or provisional application, that is not filed by electronic means as prescribed by the Director. The fee established by this subsection shall be reduced by 50 percent for small entities that qualify for reduced fees under Section 41(h)(1) of title 35, United States Code. All fees paid under this subsection shall be deposited in the Treasury as an offsetting receipt that shall not be available for obligation or expenditure.
(2) EFFECTIVE DATE.--This subsection shall take effect upon the expiration of the 60–day period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act.
(i) EFFECTIVE DATE; SUNSET--
(1) EFFECTIVE DATE.--Except as provided in subsection (h), this section and the amendments made by this section shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.
(2) SUNSET.--The authority of the Director to set or adjust any fee under subsection (a) shall terminate upon the expiration of the 7–year period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act.
(3) PRIOR REGULATIONS NOT AFFECTED.--The termination of authority under this subsection shall not affect any regulations issued under this section before the effective date of such termination or any rulemaking proceeding for the issuance of regulations under this section that is pending on such date.