MPEP 2137.02
Applicability of Pre-AIA 35 U.S.C. 103(c)

This is the Ninth Edition of the MPEP, Revision 08.2017, Last Revised in January 2018

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2137.02    Applicability of Pre-AIA 35 U.S.C. 103(c) [R-11.2013]

[Editor Note: This MPEP section is not applicable to applications subject to examination under the first inventor to file (FITF) provisions of the AIA as set forth in 35 U.S.C. 100 (note). See MPEP § 2159 et seq. to determine whether an application is subject to examination under the FITF provisions, and MPEP § 2150 et seq. for examination of applications subject to those provisions.]

Pre-AIA 35 U.S.C. 103(c) states that subsection (f) of pre-AIA 35 U.S.C. 102 will not preclude patentability where subject matter developed by another person, that would otherwise qualify under pre-AIA 35 U.S.C. 102(f), and the claimed invention of an application under examination were owned by the same person, subject to an obligation of assignment to the same person, or involved in a joint research agreement, which meets the requirements of pre-AIA 35 U.S.C. 103(c)(2) and (c)(3), at the time the invention was made. See MPEP § 706.02(l) and § 21.6.

Inventorship is generally "by another" where there are different inventive entities with at least one inventor in common. For case law relating to inventorship by "another" involving different inventive entities with at least one inventor in common see Ex parte DesOrmeaux, 25 USPQ2d 2040 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1992) (the presence of a common inventor in a reference patent and a pending application does not preclude the determination that the reference inventive entity is to "another" within the meaning of [pre-AIA] 35 U.S.C. 102(e) ) and the discussion of prior art available under pre-AIA 35 U.S.C. 102(e) in MPEP § 2136.04.