MPEP 2909.02
Reproductions (Drawings)

This is the Ninth Edition of the MPEP, Revision 08.2017, Last Revised in January 2018

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2909.02    Reproductions (Drawings) [R-07.2015]

37 C.F.R. 1.1026  Reproductions

Reproductions shall comply with the requirements of Rule 9 and Part Four of the Administrative Instructions.

Hague Rule 9

Reproductions of the Industrial Design

  • (1) [Form and Number of Reproductions of the Industrial Design]
    • (a) Reproductions of the industrial design shall, at the option of the applicant, be in the form of photographs or other graphic representations of the industrial design itself or of the product or products which constitute the industrial design. The same product may be shown from different angles; views from different angles shall be included in different photographs or other graphic representations.
    • (b) Any reproduction shall be submitted in the number of copies specified in the Administrative Instructions.
  • (2) [Requirements Concerning Reproductions]
    • (a) Reproductions shall be of a quality permitting all the details of the industrial design to be clearly distinguished and permitting publication.
    • (b) Matter which is shown in a reproduction but for which protection is not sought may be indicated as provided for in the Administrative Instructions.
  • (3) [Views Required]
    • (a) Subject to subparagraph (b), any Contracting Party bound by the 1999 Act which requires certain specified views of the product or products which constitute the industrial design or in relation to which the industrial design is to be used shall, in a declaration, so notify the Director General, specifying the views that are required and the circumstances in which they are required.
    • (b) No Contracting Party may require more than one view where the industrial design or product is two-dimensional, or more than six views where the product is three-dimensional.
  • (4) [Refusal on Grounds Relating to the Reproductions of the Industrial Design] A Contracting Party may not refuse the effects of the international registration on the ground that requirements relating to the form of the reproductions of the industrial design that are additional to, or different from, those notified by that Contracting Party in accordance with paragraph (3)(a) have not been satisfied under its law. A Contracting Party may however refuse the effects of the international registration on the ground that the reproductions contained in the international registration are not sufficient to disclose fully the industrial design.

Administrative instructions concerning reproductions contained in Part Four of the Administrative Instructions for the Application of the Hague Agreement ("Administrative Instructions") are set forth below:

Hague Administrative Instructions Section 401:

Presentation of Reproductions

  • (a) One and the same international application may comprise both photographs and other graphic representations, in black and white or in color.
  • (b) Each reproduction accompanying an international application shall be submitted in a single copy.
  • (c) The photographs or other graphic representations accompanying an international application filed on paper shall be either pasted or printed directly onto a separate sheet of A4 paper which is white and opaque. The separate sheet of paper shall be used upright and shall not contain more than 25 reproductions.
  • (d) The reproductions accompanying an international application must be arranged in the orientation in which the applicant wishes them to be published. Where that application is filed on paper, a margin of at least 5 millimeters should be left around the representation of each industrial design.
  • (e) Each reproduction must fall within a right-angled quadrilateral containing no other reproduction or part of another reproduction and no numbering. The photographs or other graphic representations shall not be folded, stapled or marked in any way.

Hague Administrative Instructions Section 402

Representation of the Industrial Design

  • (a) The photographs and other graphic representations shall represent the industrial design alone, or the product in relation to which the industrial design is to be used, to the exclusion of any other object, accessory, person or animal.
  • (b) The dimensions of the representation of each industrial design appearing in a photograph or other graphic representation may not exceed 16 x 16 centimeters, and in respect of at least one representation of each design, one of those dimensions must be at least 3 centimeters. With respect to the filing of international applications by electronic means, the International Bureau may establish a data format, the particulars of which shall be published on the web site of the Organization, to ensure compliance with these maximum and minimum dimensions.
  • (c) The following shall not be accepted:
    • (i) technical drawings, particularly with axes and dimensions;
    • (ii) explanatory text or legends in the representation.

Hague Administrative Instructions Section 403

Disclaimers and Matter That Does Not Form Part of the Industrial Design or the Product in Relation to Which the Industrial Design is to be Used

  • (a) Matter which is shown in a reproduction but for which protection is not sought may be indicated
    • (i) in the description referred to in Rule 7(5)(a) and/or
    • (ii) by means of dotted or broken lines or coloring.
  • (b) Notwithstanding Section 402(a), matter that does not form part of the industrial design or the product in relation to which the industrial design is to be used may be shown in a reproduction if it is indicated in accordance with paragraph (a).

Hague Administrative Instructions Section 404

Requirements for Photographs and Other Graphic Representations

  • (a) The photographs supplied must be of professional standard and have all the edges cut at right angles. The industrial design must be shown against a neutral plain background. Photographs retouched with ink or correcting fluid shall not be allowed.
  • (b) Graphic representations must be of professional standard produced with drawing instruments or by electronic means and, where the application is filed on paper, must further be produced on good quality white, opaque paper, all of whose edges are cut at right angles. The industrial design represented may comprise shading and hatching to provide relief. Graphic representations executed by electronic means may be shown against a background, provided that it is neutral and plain and has only edges cut at right angles.

Hague Administrative Instructions Section 405

Numbering of Reproductions and Legends

  • (a) The numbering stipulated for multiple international applications shall appear in the margin of each photograph or other graphic representation. When the same industrial design is represented from different angles, the numbering shall consist of two separate figures separated by a dot (e.g., 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, etc. for the first design, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, etc. for the second design, and so on).
  • (b) The reproductions shall be submitted in ascending numerical order.
  • (c) Legends to indicate a specific view of the product (e.g., "front view", "top view", etc.) may be indicated in association with the numbering of the reproduction.

Reproductions in international design applications must comply with the requirements of Hague Agreement Rule 9 and Part Four of the Administrative Instructions. See 37 CFR 1.1026.

Pursuant to Rule 9, the reproductions of the industrial design shall, at the option of the applicant, be in the form of photographs or other graphic representations of the industrial design itself or of the product or products which constitute the industrial design. The same product may be shown from different angles; views from different angles shall be included in different photographs or other graphic representations. Pursuant to Administrative Instruction 401, only a single copy of each reproduction should be submitted.

The reproductions must be of a quality permitting all the details of the industrial design to be clearly distinguished and permitting publication. See Rule 9(2). The reproductions should represent the industrial design alone, or the product in relation to which the industrial design is to be used, without any other object, accessory, person, or animal. However, the reproduction may show matter for which protection is not sought if such matter is indicated as provided for in Administrative Instruction 403.

Pursuant to Rule 9(3)(a), a Contracting Party may require certain specified views of the product or products which constitute the industrial design or in relation to which the industrial design is to be used, if the Contracting Party has appropriately notified the International Bureau of the required views and the circumstances under which they are required. Information concerning specified views required by a Contracting Party pursuant to Rule 9(3)(a) is set forth in the section "Specific Requirements Concerning Views" of WIPO form DM/1.INF, "How to file an international application" currently available at WIPO’s website at www.wipo.int/hague/en/forms/.

Additional formal requirements for the reproductions (e.g., margins, paper, backgrounds, etc.) are set forth in the Administrative Instructions. In addition, technical requirements regarding image files, such as resolution, minimum and maximum image size, border width, etc., are set forth on the website of the International Bureau at www.wipo.int/ hague/en/how_to/file/ prepare.html. Reproductions may be filed through the USPTO as an office of indirect filing via EFS-Web as PDF or JPEG files in accordance with the EFS-Web Legal Framework. See MPEP §§ 502.05 and 2909.02(a).